Bihar Museum

  • Patna
  • 18-Jun-2018 - 18-Jun-2022

To give a glimpse of Bihar’s contribution in the evolution and development of the history and culture of the Indian sub-continent to domestic and international tourists and the common people, Government of Bihar decided to create a world class museum. On the Southern end of Jawahar Lal Nehru Marg (Bailey Road the Bihar Museum has been built on a 13.5 acre plot by displacing bunglows number 2 to 7. The children’s section, orientation gallery and the pre-show theater were inaugurated by the Honourable Chief Minister in August 2015. On 02.10.2017 the Bihar Museum was dedicated to the people by the CM.

Bihar Museum is a brilliant example of the world class glimpse of the Indian art. The compilation of this museum is one of the most enriched Indian compilations in the world. The permanent compilation in the museum narrates the history and heritage of Bihar. Famous Japanese architectural firm “Maki and Associates” has designed the architecture of Bihar Museum with the help of Appolis Design. Bihar Museum occupies the space of 24,000 square meters and its campus spreads to 5.3 hectares.

The following are the  main objectives of the construction of Bihar museum :

  • To create a sense of pride towards the heritage of Bihar in the people living here.
  • To bring many untouched aspects of Bihar’s glorious history to the people.
  • Also, to ensure that the shadow of the glorious history can reflect to our present and motivate the people of Bihar.

The museum aims to bring to life multiple dimensions of India’s rich history and culture. It aims ti highlight Bihar’s role in the history of Indian sub-continent. It has adopted international standard of exhibition and audio visual presentation to project history in its right perspective to educate the domestic and international tourists and inspire and motivate the younger generation.

Galleries of Bihar Museum :-

  • Historical Gallery – The historical gallery of Bihar Museum is narrating the story of Bihar’s Prehistoric and ancient past to the first step of human beings in North India.  This gallery narrates the story of establishment of first city of Indus Valley civilization to vedic era, rise of empires and story of medieval period and Mughal Period to the 18th century.
  • Preview Auditorium – The visitors will be given information about the collected items in the Bihar Museum.
  • Regional Art Gallery – This art gallery is devoted to the diverse folk culture and traditions of Bihar. Cultures like Mithila, Bhojpuri and Angika also get appropriate place in the gallery.
  • Bihar Offspring Gallery – There is a glimpse of those historical references in the Bihar offspring gallery that how Biharis were taken out to the Mauritius, Bangladesh and other remote countries  as indentured labour in the early days of East india Company. In this gallery, the stories of migrant biharis, their accomplishments, their visits are also reflected so that the people can get an idea about the impact Bihar has had on the world at large.
  • Child Gallery -  The Museum also has a very interactive, educative and intellectually accessible world class child gallery.

There are two art galleries in the museum which display regional, contemporary art as well as Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Islamic art. In contemporary and temporary art galleries, the best works of Bihar and from other places have been displayed. The art work on display will be changed from time to time.

Salient Features of Bihar Museum:

  • Bihar Museum has a very diverse and rich collection. There is an incredible collection of small and delicate terracotta projecting the Maurya-Shunga school. The range also includes beautiful and glorious bronze statues of Paal Dynasty to the sand stone statues of Maurya Dynasty.
  • Bihar Museum has a massive collection of almost 30,000 coins which shows that Bihar’s influence and dominance extended to a large area as these coins may have come to this region through trade or triumph over other areas.
  • The collection in the museum contains different coins released during Maurya dynasty, Gupta Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri and Mughal Dynasty. The collection includes around 500 gold coins.
  • The museum depicts the story of various religions through paintings, relics and ancient statues related to Buddism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.
  • Utensils of Harappan period, maurya period, toys and statues of Kushan period found in excavations done at different sites have been displayed by the museum.
  • The masterpieces collected in the Bihar Museum include the work of various periods and various materials. Many beautiful masterpieces have been given a special place in the museum such as Dancing girl and Didarganj yakshi of Mauryan Period, Shalbhanjika of Shunga period, Bodhisattva in Gandhara style, lady with parrot of Gupta period and the world’s second largest standing statue of Buddha belonging to the period of Paal dynasty.