Under Bihar Vikas Mission, For the implementation of Good Governance Program 2015-2020 in mission mode, Lok Samvad and Public Dialogue Sub mission” has been constituted under the chairmanship of Development Commissioner of the state. Under this Sub Mission, Schemes of the following three departments are being monitored. These departments are as follows,

  1. Art, Culture and Youth Department.
  2. Tourism department.
  3. Information and Public Relations Department.

 

Art, Culture and Youth Department :

Museum Directorate :

Museums run by the State Government

Museum- An introduction :

Since the advent of civilization in the Gangetic plains the state of Bihar has provided political and cultural leadership to the entire Indian sub-continent for over 1000 years. As a result there is an abundance of cultural heritage in different regions of the State. In order to protect and conserve this incredible heritage and to project and display it for the benefit of the viewers and to preserve it for handing it over to the next generation the state government has established 23 museums across the state. These museums are as follows:

1. Patna Museum, Patna :

Established in the year 1917, the Patna Museum is amongst the best museums in the world. With its unique presentation, Patna museum is committed to impart a scientific vision to understand the evolution of history, culture and art tradition of the land. The building of the museum, based on Indo- Sarsenic design was built in 1928 on a plot of land measuring 700x500 feet.

As a repository of ancient Indian glory, Patna Museum is, however, truly the cultural pride of Bihar. It is considered the symbol of intellectual richness of the State. Patna Museum has thousands of artworks of varied nature in its possession, which includes Pre & Post – historic objects, stone sculptures, bronze artworks, terracottas, paintings – miniature and thanka paintings, coins, miscellaneous art-objects and so on. Besides, there are numerous collections in the museum that are very rare and one cannot appreciate the Indian art history and cultural heritage of the land without going through the collections. The most valuable possession of the Patna Museum is the casket containing the holy relic of Lord Buddha including Manjusha discovered during excavation of a stupa belonging to 6th Century B.C. at Vaishali. This museum is also the proud owner of items associated with Mohan Jodaro and Harappa culture, including terracotta sculptures, copper and bronze items, seals etc. Besides the historical and archaeological objects, Patna Museum has some other interesting exhibits: such as a 53 feet long fossilized tree of chid family discovered near Asansol in 1927. Arms from the olden times like swords, daggers, shields, bagnakha, guns belonging to medieval period and cannon of First and Second World Wars are special attraction for every visitor.

Currently some of the important relics/artifacts are being transferred to Bihar Museum and subsequently it will be reorganized.

Patna Museum, Development of Patna:

After the transfer of antiquities / artifacts from the Patna Museum to the Bihar Museum, the museum will be reorganized in such a way that the relevance of Patna Museum is maintained. The transfer of antiquities / artifacts to the Bihar Museum is being undertaken with this objective in mind. The work of development and maintenance of the Patna Museum's garden has been given to Environment and Forest Department.

2. Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga :

With the private collection of Sri Chandradhari Singh, a Zamindar of Madhubani, the state Government established a museum in the year 1957 at Darbhanga naming it Chandradhari Museum after the name of its donor. This museum has numerous artifacts and art-objects of different periods including terra-cottas, coins and paintings of artistic excellence. Besides art-objects made of metal, wood clay and ivory; the museum possesses different kinds of beads, old arms and furnitures, specimens of precious stone, gold objects, jewellery, costumes and dresses, musical instruments and so on. The entire collection of the museum has been housed in its own building.

In the year 2016-17 an ideal painting gallery was constructed in the Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga from the funds allotted for the renovation and beautification of museums.

3. Gaya Museum, Gaya :

The private collection belonging to Late Shri Baldeo Prasad of Gaya was taken over and established as Gaya Museum by the Directorate of Archaeology & Museums, Govt. of Bihar in the year 1970. Presently, the museum is housed in its new building. In its new building, the museum is proposed to be developed as the Gaya Museum-cum-Magadh Cultural Centre with the view to collect, display and make available all the relevant information regarding the cultural heritage of the Magadh region under one roof. The Gaya museum boasts of a very good collection of some very important art specimens of bygone era in its art repository. The museum has a collection of more than 3000 antiquities, art-pieces and objects of public interest. The rich collection of stone sculptures especially of Pal period is very important and it consists of some rare examples of artistic excellence of the period. In its possession, Gaya museum has also a good collection of coins of different period (from punch marked to medieval coins), manuscripts, terracotta figurines ranging right from Mauryan (3rd Cent B.C.) to Gupta period (4th – 5th Cent A.D.), Pal bronzes and other art-objects.

The responsibility of work of beautification and garden development of Gaya Museum has been done by Environment and Forest Department.

4. Narad Museum, Nawadah :

In the year 1974, with the initiative of the then District Magistrate of newly created district of Nawada Shri N. P. Singh, I.A.S. the Naradah Museum was established. Almost all the exhibits were collected and handed over to the Deptt. of Art, Culture & Youth, Govt. of Bihar by Shri Singh himself. Narad Museum is a multi-purpose museum and the mention-worthy artifacts and art-objects include Pal stone sculptures, coins and manuscripts. Besides, contemporary painting, metal and stone art-pieces have also been preserved in the museum. The entire collection is housed in a magnificent building of its own.

The tender has been finalised for the construction of Show-case, Pedestal, Wall Panel etc in this museum and an agency has been selected for this work. Allocation of funds and issuing of the workorder is yet to be done.

5. Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum, Darbhanga :

Apart from Chadradhari Museum the State Government has established another musem in Darbhanga namely Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum. The main collection of the museum comprises the articles donated by the family of Darbhanga Raj in the year 1979. In the same premises, just beside the Chandradhari Museum, the collection of Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum is housed in its own building. The museum has got such priceless art-objects  which can not be found in any other museum. The art-pieces made of ivory are special attraction of this museum.

6. Bhagalpur Museum, Bhagalpur :

In order to collect and display the artifacts and art objects belonging to the region of Bhagalpur, the state government established a museum in Bhagalpur in the year 1976. Recently, the collection of museum has been shifted to its own building. There is a very good collection of stone sculptures of Pal period (8th–12th A.D.) The State Govt. intends to develop this museum as Bhagalpur Museum-cum-Anga Cultural Centre and the work is in progress.

The restoration work of Bhagalpur Museum has been completed.

7. Chadrashekhar Singh Museum, jamui :

In the year 1983, a museum at Jamui was taken over by the State Govt. to preserve the antiquities of the region. It was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Singh Museum after the name of late Shri Chandra Shekhar Singh, ex-Chief Minister of Bihar in the year 1986. This museum is known for its rich collection of stone sculptures from the period between Gupta and Pal dynasties.

8. Bihar Sharif Museum, Bihar Sharif :

The Biharsharif Museum was established in the year 1979. The stone sculptures housed in this museum mostly belong to Magadh style of Indian Art, i.e., Pal period. A few good examples of stone sculptures, medieval coins and stone inscription are the premium collection of the museum.

The request has been made to Commissioner of Patna Division for the transfer of Land for the construction of Museum building cum Auditorium.

9. Sita Ram Upadhyay Museum, Buxar :

In the year 1979, Buxar Museum was established with a few good stone sculptures and coins. Hundreds of very rare Terracottas collected by a local resident late Shri Sita Ram Upadhyaya was donated to the Buxar Museum and in the year 1993, the Govt. of Bihar, on request, renamed it after the generous donor Sita Ram Upadhyaya Museum. The museum is famous for magnificent terracotta collections, especially the terracotta figurines belonging to the Mauryan and Shunga period (3rd–2nd Cent B.C.). Besides, there are a few stone sculptures and coins preserved in this museum as well.

10. Ram Chandra Shahi Museum, Muzaffarpur :

Ram Chandra Shahi Museum at Muzaffarpur was established in the year 1979. It has got its own building in the campus of Jubba Sahni Park. The museum possesses a very good collection including artifacts and numerous art-objects of varied nature. The museum is famous for its rich collection of rare postage stamps.

The tender was floated for the construction of show-case, pedestal, wall panels etc. in this museum and a bidder has been selected. Allocation of funds and issuing of work order is yet to be done.

11. Begusarai Museum, Begusarai :

With the artifacts and art-objects collected within and the adjoining area of Begusarai district, a museum named as Begusarai Museum was established in the year 1981. The main collection of this museum consists of some very good specimens of Pal period stone sculptures and coins.

The process of tendering has been completed and an agency has been selected for the construction of show-case, pedestal, wall panels etc. in this museum. Allocation of funds and issuing of work order is yet to be done.

12. Chapra Museum, Chapra :

The Chapra museum was established in the district headquarter of Saran. The exhibits collected from the region have been displayed in the Chapra Museum. Recently, with the transfer of antiquities unearthed during the excavations of famous archaeological site of Chirand (Saran), the regional museum has been shifted in its own building named ‘Dhai Aakhar Bhawan’. The Chirand materials include a very rare Kushana teracotta mask, bone tools and artifacts of Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods. Amongst stone sculptures, a few excellent Pala stone sculptures are also kept in the museum.

A request has been made to provide technical estimates from the Building Construction Department for the construction of show case, pedestal andgalleries of the Chapra museum.

13. Jan-Nayak Karpoori Thakur Smriti Sangrahalay, Patna :

The Govt. of Bihar has declared the official residence of ex-Chief Minister of Bihar late Shri Karpoori Thakur as the memorial museum in the year 1990 to commemorate the life, achievements and philosophy of late Shri Thakur. Since the Jana-nayak Karpoori Thakur Smriti Sangrahalaya is a personalia museum, it displays and preserves the articles of daily-use, dresses, documents, letters, diaries, writings and several other things belonging to late Shri Karpoori Thakur. There is a very good library having a very good collection of Hindi, English, Bangla and a few Urdu books on various subjects and topics which had been collected and preserved by the late-CM. The Govt. has a plan to develop this museum as research institute on social issues. A village-complex depicting the life, customs, environment and ecology of rural Bihar, has also been proposed in the campus of the Smriti Sangrahalaya.

In the year 2017-2018, a chemical protective treatment of Karpoori’s clothes, old documents and life size painting is to be done.

14. Babu Kunwar Singh Smriti Sangrahalay, Bhojpur :

In the year 1972, the Govt. of Bihar declared the paternal residence of Babu Kunwar Singh as the Babu Kunwar Singh Smriti Sangrahalaya at Jagdishpur (Bhojpur) with the view to commemorate the first war of independence of 1857. In the year 2018, on the occasion of 160th victory day on 23rd april, two galleries based on the painting of Babu Kunwar Singh have been displayed in the museum. Terracotta mural has been installed in the memorial premises as well as showing the story of Babu Kunwar Singh.

15. Deep Narayan Singh Museum, Hajipur :

It is a district museum named after Late Deep Narayan Singh, a famous freedom fighter of the district. The museum is located in Gandhi Nagar, Hajipur.

16. Mithila Lalit Sangrahalay, Saurath (Madhubani) :

This museum depicts the traditional Mithila culture of Madhubani District. The request has been made by the Department for re-evaluation of the estimates made available from Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited. In the light of this request consultants are preparing the revised estimates.

17. Gandhi Smriti Sangrahalay, Bhitharwa (West Champaran) :

The Directorate of Museums has preserved this ashram which was established by Mahatma Gandhi in 1917. Kasturba Gandhi was the first teacher in this ashram.

The tendering process has been completed for the restoration of the museum and due to the lowest being greater than SOR, the negotiations regarding the agreement is under process.

18. Chechar Museum, Chechar ( Vaishali) :

Chechar Museum has been taken under the control of the State Government. The re-organisation and strengthening of the museum is being done. The work for creating new showcase and pedestal etc. for the storage and display of antiquities is under process. Land is to be acquired for the construction of boundary wall and the approach road to the Chechar Museum.

19. Suraj Narayan Singh Museum, Patna :

This museum has been established with the objective of preserving the personal belongings of the great socialist freedom fighter Late Suraj Narayan Singh at the Birchand Patel Path, Patna. Here the memories of the Late Suraj Narayan Singh, his personal belongings have been preserved for display.

20. Babu Karu Khirhar Divisional Museum, Saharsa :

A small museum namely Babu Karu Khirhar Museum has been established in the campus of famous Matsya Gandha tank at Saharsa. Stone sculptures of Pal period, different types of coins and many popular articles have been preserved for display in this museum.

21. Buddha Memorial park, Patna :

The life and philosophy of Mahatma Buddha has been displayed here through a secondary medium. There was the Bankakpur jail before the development of the museum and park. The Buddha Memorial Park was developed in jail premises and the museum is located in this park premises.

22. Braj Bihari Memorial Museum :

Based on the personal collection of Bihar's politician and leader Late Braj Bihari Prasad, this museum is set in the Braj Bihari Prasad's official residence, which is now converted into museum by the state government.

Besides the aforesaid museums, there are Bettiah Museum, Bettiah and Lakhisarai Museum, Lakhisarai which display and preserve the rich heritage of the respective regions. Efforts are being made by the State Government to strengthen these regional museums

Museums run by the Central Government :

1. Archaeological Museum, Patna :

The Archaeological museum, Nalanda was established in 1917 to house the valuable representative antiquities found in the excavations at the famous Buddhist University site at Nalanda. The museum has its own building adjacent to the ruins of the famous Nalanda Mahavihara. The antiquities displayed in the museum include stone sculptures and bronze images of Lord Buddha and a few images of the Hindu gods and goddesses belonging to the Pala period. The exhibited stucco figures are dated to the late Guptas. Besides, inscriptions of the time of Yasovarmadeva (8th century) and of Vipulasrimitra (12th century), sealings of royalties of Guptas and Maukharis and a number of official sealings of the Nalanda Mahavihara add to the weight of the exhibits. A few objects collected from Rajgir are also on display.

2. Archaeological Museum, Bodh Gaya :

The Archaeological Museum, Bodh Gaya was established in 1956 with a view to preserving locally scattered sculptures and other precious antiquities. The antiquities, displayed in its own small and impressive building, include stone sculptures and metal images belonging to the times of the Pal's. Two figures of Yakshis, ascribed to the first century B.C. are also exhibited here.

3. Archaeological Museum, Vaishali :

In the year 1945 along with the formation of the Vaishali Sangh in 1945 a private citizen Shri Rijali Singh established a historical museum here. Three decades later in 1971 Government of India established a site museum near the old museum of the Vaishali Sangh on the northern bank of the Kharauna tank (abhiseka puskarini). The exhibits in the museum consist of the antiquities like terracottas, seals and sealings, beads of semi-precious stones, punch marked and cast coins, pins and styli of bone, antimony rods of copper, balls of stone, terracotta and ceramic specimens, ascribed to dates ranging from Maurya to Guptas, and a few sculptures belonging to the Pal period, all from Vaishali and its surroundings collected either as surface-finds or discovered from archaeological excavations.

4. Archaeological Museum, Vikramshila, Bhagalpur :

In May 2000 the Director General, A.S.I. had called a meeting of experts and teachers of history to discuss the idea of establishing new site museums at different places. It was decided in the meeting to establish seven new site museums and accordingly the detailed project report was prepared for the proposed site museum at Vikramshila. Except for few minor requirements and posting of museum staff, Vikramshila Museum is almost ready in all respects for its formal inauguration.

5. Srikrishna Science Center, Patna :

Keeping the interest of youth of Bihar a Science Museum was established in Patna in the year 1978 and was named as Srikrishna Science Centre after the first Chief Minister of Bihar (Dr. Srikrishna Singh). This center is a unit of the National Council of Science Museums, an autonoums body under the ministry of Culture. It is located at Chhajjubagh, on the south-western corner of Gandhi Maidan. The Science Centre has been set up especially for the benefit of students of Schools and Colleges.

 

Museums run by Universities and Semi-Govt. Organisations :

1. P.G Departmental Museum, Patna University, Patna :

This museum was launched by the Department of Ancient Indian History and Archaeology, Patna University in the year 1960-61 when they introduced the course on Archeology. The collection consists of different types of antiquities from Antichak, Oriup and Champa of the Bhagalpur district; Vaisali; Kumhrar of the Patna district and Chirand of the Saran district. Apart from these there are coins of different periods and other miscellaneous antiquities and ceramic articles from other sites of the state and the country as well.

2. Jayaswal Archaeological & Historical Society and Museum, G.D College, Begusarai :

This museum was established in the Department of History, G. D. College, Begusarai by the College administration in the year 1946. The antiquities and art-objects, housed in the departmental hall itself, are displayed in showcases. The antiquities include stone and metal images belonging to the times of Guptas and Pals; terracotta figurines from Maurya to present times, beads of semi-precious stones, terracotta beads and sealings with inscription in Gupta and Pal script, stone pearl and a few miscellaneous finds and numerous ceramic specimens represented by the N. B .P. ware and later examples up-to Pal times.

3. P.G Departmental Museum, Magadh University, Bodh Gaya :

After Patna University, the P.G. Department of ancient Indian and Asian Studies, (Magadh University) established a museum to collect and display the objects of archaeological and historical importance and also to acquaint the students with the antiquities of the region. The P.G. Department Museum has specimens of different kinds of potteries, terracottas and coins in its possession. The museum is also supposed to impart training in the theory and practice of establishing and managing a museum.

4. State Art Gallery, College of Arts & Crafts, Patna :

The State Art Gallery was established in 1951 at the Patna College of Arts & Crafts. The foundation stone of the Gallery was laid by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India. The collection of paintings of renaissance, post- renaissance and modern times and foreign specimens from Nepal, Tibet and Japan has been kept in the Art Gallery. The miniature paintings are executed on paper, mica and ivory, while the contemporary ones are respectively in opal, water and pastel colours. A few graphic pictures and two figures, one each of terracotta and bronze and some black and white photographs are also noteworthy in the collection.

5. Folk Art Museum, Bhartiya Nritya Kalaa Mandir, Patna.

The Folk Art Museum established in 1963 has amongst its collection folk music instruments, dresses and jewelry associated with folk art. Apart from these there are terracotta and ceramic artifacts belonging to the periods between 500 BC to 500AD. Some stone idols belonging to the Gupta and Pal period are also part of the collection.

Museums run by the Non-Govt. Organisations :

1. Gandhi Sangrahalay, Patna :

On the Southern bank of Ganga, the Gandhi Smriti Sangrahalaya was established in the year 1967, which is now known simply as Gandhi Sangrahalaya. It is one of the few institutions established by the authorities of the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi. The Sangrahalaya now gets regular financial assistance every year from the Central Govt. as well as from State Govt. The exhibits in the museum include photographs, documents etc. concerning the life and achievements of Mahatma Gandhi. The Sangrahalaya has its own building with sufficient accommodation for the purpose of display and related activities.

2. Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalay, Sadaqat Ashram, Patna :

The Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya was established in 1963 in the memory of late Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, with his belongings of daily use and the articles he had received from different countries as gifts and presents. The Sangrahalaya was started in the same building in which the departed President resided after his retirement from the office of the President till the end of his mortal life. It is well maintained and managed by a managing committee, although it gets annual Government grant for its maintenance.

3. Art Gallery of Jaina Siddhanta Bhawan, Patna :

After Patna University, the P.G. Department of ancient Indian and Asian Studies, (Magadh University) established a museum to collect and display the objects of archaeological and historical importance and also to acquaint the students with the antiquities of the region. The P.G. Department Museum has specimens of different kinds of potteries, terracottas and coins in its possession. The museum is supposed to impart training in the theory and practice of museum methods.

 

Museums run by the Private Individuals :

1. Jalan Museum, Qila House, Patna City :

The Jalan Museum was established by late Shri Diwan Bahadur Radha Krishna Jalan with his entire collection of art objects in the year 1954. It is a private museum housed in a purposely built building by the founder himself. The collection of objects - numbering to about ten thousand – mostly belonging to the modern period include articles of stone, metal, terracotta, ivory, glass and porcelains. Besides, a few manuscripts may also be mentioned to the credit of the museum. Of the art objects, many are European and a few from the far-and-near-eastern countries of Asia.

2. Kumar Sangrahalay, Hasanpur, Samastipur :

Dr. P. K. Singh ‘Maun’ of Hasanpur (Dist. Samastipur) collected numerous objects and artifacts and established Kumar Sangrahalaya at his native village Hasanpur itself. The museum collection comprises a good number of terracottas, stone sculptures, paintings, manuscripts and coins.

Construction Of New Museums

1. Bihar Museum :

Construction of Bihar Museum :

To give a glimpse of Bihar’s contribution in the evolution and development of the history and culture of the Indian sub-continent to domestic and international tourists and the common people, Government of Bihar decided to create a world class museum. On the Southern end of Jawahar Lal Nehru Marg (Bailey Road the Bihar Museum has been built on a 13.5 acre plot by displacing bunglows number 2 to 7. The children’s section, orientation gallery and the pre-show theater were inaugurated by the Honourable Chief Minister in August 2015. On 02.10.2017 the Bihar Museum was dedicated to the people by the CM.

Bihar Museum is a brilliant example of the world class glimpse of the Indian art. The compilation of this museum is one of the most enriched Indian compilations in the world. The permanent compilation in the museum narrates the history and heritage of Bihar. Famous Japanese architectural firm “Maki and Associates” has designed the architecture of Bihar Museum with the help of Appolis Design. Bihar Museum occupies the space of 24,000 square meters and its campus spreads to 5.3 hectares.

The following are the  main objectives of the construction of Bihar museum :

  • To create a sense of pride towards the heritage of Bihar in the people living here.
  • To bring many untouched aspects of Bihar’s glorious history to the people.
  • Also, to ensure that the shadow of the glorious history can reflect to our present and motivate the people of Bihar.

The museum aims to bring to life multiple dimensions of India’s rich history and culture. It aims ti highlight Bihar’s role in the history of Indian sub-continent. It has adopted international standard of exhibition and audio visual presentation to project history in its right perspective to educate the domestic and international tourists and inspire and motivate the younger generation.

Galleries of Bihar Museum :-

  • Historical Gallery – The historical gallery of Bihar Museum is narrating the story of Bihar’s Prehistoric and ancient past to the first step of human beings in North India.  This gallery narrates the story of establishment of first city of Indus Valley civilization to vedic era, rise of empires and story of medieval period and Mughal Period to the 18th century.
  • Preview Auditorium – The visitors will be given information about the collected items in the Bihar Museum.
  • Regional Art Gallery – This art gallery is devoted to the diverse folk culture and traditions of Bihar. Cultures like Mithila, Bhojpuri and Angika also get appropriate place in the gallery.
  • Bihar Offspring Gallery – There is a glimpse of those historical references in the Bihar offspring gallery that how Biharis were taken out to the Mauritius, Bangladesh and other remote countries  as indentured labour in the early days of East india Company. In this gallery, the stories of migrant biharis, their accomplishments, their visits are also reflected so that the people can get an idea about the impact Bihar has had on the world at large.
  • Child Gallery -  The Museum also has a very interactive, educative and intellectually accessible world class child gallery.

There are two art galleries in the museum which display regional, contemporary art as well as Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Islamic art. In contemporary and temporary art galleries, the best works of Bihar and from other places have been displayed. The art work on display will be changed from time to time.

Salient Features of Bihar Museum:

  • Bihar Museum has a very diverse and rich collection. There is an incredible collection of small and delicate terracotta projecting the Maurya-Shunga school. The range also includes beautiful and glorious bronze statues of Paal Dynasty to the sand stone statues of Maurya Dynasty.
  • Bihar Museum has a massive collection of almost 30,000 coins which shows that Bihar’s influence and dominance extended to a large area as these coins may have come to this region through trade or triumph over other areas.
  • The collection in the museum contains different coins released during Maurya dynasty, Gupta Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri and Mughal Dynasty. The collection includes around 500 gold coins.
  • The museum depicts the story of various religions through paintings, relics and ancient statues related to Buddism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.
  • Utensils of Harappan period, maurya period, toys and statues of Kushan period found in excavations done at different sites have been displayed by the museum..

The masterpieces collected in the Bihar Museum include the work of various periods and various materials. Many beautiful masterpieces have been given a special place in the museum such as Dancing girl and Didarganj yakshi of Mauryan Period, Shalbhanjika of Shunga period, Bodhisattva in Gandhara style, lady with parrot of Gupta period and the world’s second largest standing statue of Buddha belonging to the period of Paal dynasty.

2. Buddha Samyak Museum cum Memory Stupa, Vaishali :

Dr. A.S Altekar, an eminent historian and archaeologist conducted an excavation at the Vaishali Archaeological site where sacred relics of lord Buddha were found in the year 1958-60. In 1972, the sacred relics of Lord Buddha were shifted to the Patna Museum for safekeeping. Keeping in mind the historical, archaeological and religious significance of the sacred relics secured in Patna Museum and the desire of the people at large to view it, the Government of the State decided to establish Buddha Samyak Museum and Memorial Stupa in Vaishali in order to display the sacred relics of Lord Buddha and exhibit Buddhist antiquity and artifacts associated with Buddha to throw light on the life and philosophy propagated by Lord Buddha. The implementation of this project would benefit the followers of Buddhism, Buddhist researchers and scholars, students, especially the youngsters from around the world. It would offer them an opportunity to get acquainted with Buddha's life, his philosophy, his message of truth and non-violence and Buddhist art. The construction of this site will also give a boost to the tourism industry of the state.

A grand memorial stupa will be constructed at the center of a plot measuring 72.231/2 acres where the sacred relics of Lord Buddha and other articles discovered from the excavation of the ancient Stupa of Vaishali will be displayed. Adjacent to the Stupa Buddha Samyak Darshan Museum will be built where various aspects of the life, philosophy, preaching of Lord Buddha and Buddhist art will be displayed through primary and secondary means. About 70 percent area of the plot will be designated green area where landscaping will be done aesthetically. Stupa will be designed in accordance with the Vipasyana Stupa made of stone in Mumbai. To execute this plan acquisition of 72,231/2 acres of land in Vaishali  has been  done at a cost of Rs. 105,58,30,760 crore. Acquisition of 1.84 acres of land for the approach road is under process. Government has sanctioned Rs. 152.37 crore for the construction and a revised estimate of Rs. 278.14 crore, technically vetted and approved by the  Building Construction department, has been sent to the Art, Culture and Youth Department for administrative approval.

For the construction of Buddha Samyak Darshan Museum-cum-Smriti Stupa Suresh Goyal and Associate have been selected as consultants to prepare the architectural design and cost estimates. Architectural and Structural Design of the Museum has been approved by the Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited and administrative approval is under process.

National Monument Authority (NMA) had directed to transfer the project out of the regulated area of centrally protected monuments. A revised project plan has been submitted to the NMA.

3. Lok Nayak Jay Prakash Narayan Memorial Building cum Library, Saran :

5.35 acres of land has been acquired for the construction of the memorial building and library in native village of Lok Nayak Jay Prakash Narayan Sitab Diyara in Saran. Construction work is being done at the cost of Rs 4.37 crores. The construction work of Memorial Building cum library has been completed. 80% of the boundary wall has been constructed and land acquisition for rest of the work in under process. Estimates are being prepared for interior design and construction of galleries. A committee has been formed for integrating the library with the memorial. Proposal has been sent to District Magistrate, Saran for arranging an all weather approach road for accessing the memorial building.

Administrative approval of Rs. 5.57 crores has been received for the construction of approach road. Tenders have been invited.

 

Restoration of Museum Building:

  • 14 museum buildings have been identified for restoration, out of which there is a target for restoration of 5 museum building in the year 2016-2017 and 3 museums each in the year 2017-2018, 2018-2019 and in the year 2019-2020.
  • 5 museums namely Bhagalpur, Munger, Gaya, Chapra and Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga have been earmarked for the year 2016-2017 and 3 museums namely Mithila Lalit Museum( Saurath, Madhubani), Biharsharif Museum and Chechar Museum(Vaishali) have been earmarked for restoration work in the year 2017-2018.
  • The restoration work of Bhagalpur and Munger Museum has been completed in the year 2016-2017.
  • Consultant has been selected to develop Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga and Gaya Museum as a museum cum regional cultural center. A vendor has been selected for restoration work of the museum and work has started.
  • Building construction work of Chapra Museum has been completed. Works like landscaping of museum/ beautification of museum campus/ non scheduled items/ installation of furniture and fixtures/ painting of museum building are still to be done.
  • Mithila Lalit Museum, Saurath, Madhubani, Biharshareef Museum and Chechar Museum, Vaishali has been selected for their restoration in the year 2017-18.
  • Mithila Lalit Museum, Saurath, Madhubani :- Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited has submitted the gross estimates for the restoration of the museum for which administrative approval is under process.
  • Acquisition and Strengthening  of Chechar Museum, Chechar (Vaishali) :- Chechar Museum has been taken under the control of the State Government. Redesigning and strengthening of the museum is being done. The work is going on for the construction of storage facility for the collection, galleries, new showcase and pedestal etc. Land needs to be acquired for the construction of boundary wall and approach road for Chechar Museum. Land acquistion for approach road is still pending.
  • Development of Bihar Sharif Museum :- Construction of building is proposed for Bihar Sharif Museum, which is currently operated in one part of the Red Cross Building. The land has to be transferred for the construction of auditorium cum museum building. Because of non-availability of land the construction work has been delayed. The department has requested the district administration of Nalanda to expedite the matter.

Landscaping and Beautification of Museum Campus :-

  • For the year 2017-2018, Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum (Darbhanga), Sitaram Upadhyay Museum (Buxar), Bhagalpur Museum and Munger Museum have been earmarked for landscaping and beautification of museum campus for which Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited has retendered the project.
  • Beautification and Garden development of campus of Gaya Museum, Gaya and Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga is being done by Environment and Forest Department. Development and maintenance of garden of Patna Museum is proposed to be done by Environment and Forest Department.

Restoration of Museum Gallery :-

  • 23 galleries of 23 museums have been earmarked for restoration of Museum Gallery.
  • The target has been set for restoration of 11 galleries in the year 2016-2017, 5 galleries in the year 2017-2018, 4 galleries in the year 2018-2019 and 3 galleries in the year 2019-2020.
  • 11 galleries of 6 museums namely  Patna Museum, Gaya Museum, Chandradhari Museum, Chechar museum, Maharaja Lakshmiswar Singh Museum, Gandhi Smarak Museum, Bhitiharwa has been earmarked for the year 2016-2017 out of which restoration work of gallery of Patna Museum has been completed.
  • An art gallery has been constructed in the Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga. Remaining 2 galleries restoration work is proposed.
  • Tender is under process for the restoration work of galleries of museums namely Chechar Museum, Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum, Gandhi Smarak Museum, Bhitiharwa Museum.
  • For the year 2017-2018, tender is under process for the restoration work of galleries of the earmarked museums namely Ramchandra Shahi Museum, Muzaffarpur Museum, Chapra Museum, Begusarai Museum, Narad Museum and Munger Museum. Tender is under process for the construction of Show-case, Pedestal, wall panel etc.

100 Percent digital archiving of preserved antiquities :-

  • Under the 100% digital archiving campaign of antiquities / artifacts preserved in state museums, the data is being stored in the server installed in the Patna Museum and the data is being made accessible to all through the internet.

Archaeology Directorate

List of monuments declared preserved by the Bihar Government under Bihar Ancient Monuments and Archaeological site relics Act, 1976.

SI No.

Name of the Monument

District Name

Date/ Notification no.

1.

Golghar

Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

2.

Agamkuan, Gulzarbagh, Patna City Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

3.

Begu Hajjam's Maosque, Patna City

Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

4.

Kamaldah Jain Temple, Gulzarbagh, Patna City

Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

5.

Dorukhi Devi Temple

Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

6.

Chhoti Patan Devi Temple,

Patna

1710 / 08.12.1979

7.

Mosque of Alawal khan, Sasaram

Rohtas

250 / 11.03.1981

8.

Kandaha Sun Temple, Saharsa

Saharsa

1369 / 07.08.1982

9.

Katragarh, Muzaffarpur

Muzaffarpur

1369 / 07.08.1982

10.

Nepali Temple, Hazipur Vaishali

703 / 02.07.1981

11.

Kheri archaeological site,

Bhagalpur

711 / 02.07.1981

12.

Tomb of Mahmood Shah, kahalgaon

Bhagalpur

711 / 02.07.1981

13.

Jalalgarh Fort Purnea

1399 / 16.08.1982

14.

Arrah House Araah

1852 / 12.11.1982

15.

Chausagarh, Buxar

Buxar

1852 / 12.11.1982

16.

Daudkhan's Fort, Daudnagar Aurangabad

1021 / 02.01.06.1983

17.

Ramshila Hill, Gaya Gaya

55 / 21.02.2007

18.

Pretshila Hill, Gaya Gaya

55 / 21.02.2007

19.

Vishnupad Temple Gaya

55 / 21.02.2007

20.

Brahmnyoni Hill Gaya

55 / 21.02.2007`

21.

Hajarimal Dharamshala

Bettiah

342 / 11.11.1996

22.

Meera Bigha, Jahanabad

Jahanabad

95 / 24.07.1998

23.

jagdishpur Fort Bhojpur, Araah

278 / 25.07.2000

24.

Jami Mosque

Hajipur

241 / 06.07.2002

25.

Masahi, Kaimur

Kaimur

262 / 15.09.1998

26.

Munger Fort

Munger

22 / 13.01.2001

27.

Chirand

Saran

 

28.

Taradih, Mastipur, Bodhgaya Gaya

47 / 22.02.2006

29.

Nishan Singh Shahid Smarak Sthal & Kabristan, Sasaram

Rohtas

429 / 08.11.2006

30.

Apsadgarh, Nawadah

Nawadah

69 / 16.03.2011

31.

Parvati Hill

Nawadah

68 / 16.03.2011

32.

Birth place of George Orwell, Motihari

East Champaran

335 / 10.12.2010

33.

Tekari Hill Gaya

42 / 23.02.2011

34.

Ahilya Place

 

12 / 07.03.2013

35.

Telhada

 

01 / 17.01.2014

36.

Sofa Temple Bettiah

02 / 12.02.2014

37.

Morishan Building Patna

274 / 01.09.2014

38.

Lord Minto Tower Jamui

30 / 06.11.2014

39.

Hareshwar Nath Temple

Dwalakh, Madhubani

50 / 02.03.2015

40.

Fort of Raja Bhoj/ Navratan Garh, New Bhojpur, Dumraon

Buxar

231/03-08-2016

41.

Badi Garh Veshvak and Chhoti Garh Veshvak

Nalanda

166/ 26-04-2017

42.

Laari

Arwal

360 / 8.9.2017

43.

Koteshwar Dham Mengram

Gaya

309/ 2.8.2017

Other monuments declared Protected and Preserved by the Bihar Government :

1. Golghar, Patna :

Golghar is one of the most outstanding architectural example of the British India. It, in a way, symbolizes the identity of Patna. It is build close to the Ganga in Bankipur locality of Patna. Captain John Garstin, an engineer employed by the East India Company, has the credit of its conception and construction. It was built in the year 1886.

The purpose of this huge circular structure with an imposing dome was to store grains in huge quantity. The impetus of its construction was the famine of 1770. But perhaps it was never put to use for this noble purpose.

Though it was one of the important buildings built by the British Engineer in British India, it was not based on Greeco-Roman design. It’s design was inspired by the native Stupa architecture of the ancient Indian tradition. Raised on a 2' high plinth, the enormous dome, over a circular plan, raises well up to 96'. It creates a wonderful echo effect inside. The walls, all brick masoned, with its width of 12'-4", are no less impressive. Two spiraling stairways, rising from the opposing sides, reach to the top, which has a small hole at the centre (2'-7"). The doors at the bottom of the dome, are placed on all the four cardinal directions, which open inwards. Two inscriptions, one in English and the other in Persian are affixed adjacent to each other giving information about its construction.

2. Agam Kuan, Patna :

Agam Kuan, located in Patna is a unique historical monument which is famous for its historical and spiritual significance. The first is Agam Kuan (the unfathomable well) the large well which is said to belong to the period of Samrat Ashoka. The other is the famous temple of Shitala Devi, which people believe has the powers to cure small pox. There are several stories of miracles associated with this temple. The site is situated at a short distance south-west of Gulzarbagh Station. Agam Kuan is a huge well, circular in plan, with a diameter extending over 20'2". It is brick-encased in the upper half of its depth. As many as eight arched windows, all at regular intervals, adorn the well just above the ground and form its most distinctive future. The well is 105' deep, as far has been fathomed and recorded. Upto a depth of 44' from the surface, a finely worked brick-casing is envisaged. The lower half, a further depth of 61' is, however, secured by a series of wooden rings. 

In the campus of Agam Kuan is a temple housing the image of Shitala Devi, and the pindas of the 'Saptamatrikas' (the seven mother forms), is widely revered and worshipped not only for curing small-pox, but for fulfilling all sorts of wishes and desires. Stories of miraculous cure of small pox have created a large following for this temple. The site once contained several ancient and medieval sculptures. Of these, at least one was that of the Yaksha of the Mauryan art-affiliation. This is what Cunninghum reported when he visited the site in 1879-80. But there is nothing of the sort on the site now. Waddell on his exploration of the ruins of Patliputra during 1890s identified Agam Kuan built by Ashoka for torturing people as cited by the Chinese travellers of the 5th and 7th centuries A.D. Another legend, still very strong, is that Ashoka threw 99 of his elder brothers in this well after killing them, in order to become king. The site is also associated with a Jain legend. A Jain Monk Sudarshana who, when thrown into the well by an atrocious king Chand, was found floating over its water seated on the lotus. People, at large, believe the well's water to be endowed with miraculous power, and the well auspicious.

3. Begu Hajjam’s Mosque, Patna :

This has the honour of being the oldest mosque in Patna, which pre-dates the reigns of Mughals. Interestingly, the mosque is named after its renovator and not the builder. It is situated in the Khawaja Kalan Ghat Road of Patna City. The mosque was built by one Khan Muazzam Nazir Khan during the reign of Alauddin Shah Sultan of Gaur (Bengal) in the year 1509-10 A.D. (A.H. 916). Subsequently, in the year 1645 A.D. (A.H. 1056), it was renovated by one Begu Hajjam. The distinctive feature of the mosque is its glazed tiles which were popular in Gaur in those days. The doorway with fine carvings is another important feature of the mosque. An inscription affixed in the mosque records details of its construction.

4. Kamaldah Jain Temple, Patna :

This is an 18th century Jain temple situated close to Gulzarbagh railway station in Patna, a little further east of Agam Kuan/Shitala Devi temple. This place has traditionally been associated with the birth of the renowned Jain teacher, Sthulabhadra. The high mound of the brick ruins, that this temple overlies, might suggest some greater antiquity of the site than this late medieval temple.The temple contains a valuable inscription giving details of its construction. It was built in 1729 A.D. (Vikram Sanvat 1848) by the congregation of the faithful of the Jain Order of Patliputra, and that the temple was dedicated to Shri Sthulabhadra, the great Jain sage of the yore. Significantly, this is the only historical inscription that confirms the identity of Patliputra with Patna.

5. Durakhi Devi Temple, Patna :

This is a piece of a carved railing of a stupa. The piece of the stone shows the semi-nude female figures on both of its faces, hence earned the name of 'Durukhi' or 'Durukhiya' (double faced) Devi. It was discovered by Waddell way back in 1890s while excavating the site at Kumhrar, which eventually became famous for the unique Pillared Hall built by the Mauryas. Sometime afterwards (no authentic record is available on this count), it was brought down to its present location at Naya Tola (Kankarbagh) about a kilometer west and has been kept in a temple-like shed, where it is being also worshipped. 

This is a fine specimen of the Shunga art of the 2nd-1st Century B.C. As these female figures are shown grabbing and breaking branches of trees with one of their hands, they are considered to be representing the 'Shalabhanjikas' (the breaker of branches), the young women under a ritual associated with fertility, that was popular during the early historic period in this part of India. A replica of this image is displayed in the Patna Museum's sculptural gallery. A comparable bifacial female figure was accidentally discovered in the recent past from Rajendra Nagar locality in Patna which is also displayed in the same gallery.

6. Choti Patandevi, Patna :

This temple is situated in the chowk area of Patna City and once was considered as the main presiding deity of Patna. Over the years it has slipped to the second position of eminence as city's presiding deity, with epithet 'Choti' (smaller) to the more popular one, the Bari (bigger) Patan Devi. But Buchanan's account is very specific in stating that it was this very temple (Choti Patendevi) which held the primary position as the city's presiding deity during 18th and early 19th century. The present temple does not seem to be of any great antiquity. The images inside the temple, if Buchanan is to be believed, were installed by Man Singh, the famous general of Mughal emperor Akbar. The temple, however, houses a host of intact and severed Brahmanical images, including, Ganesh, Vishnu and Surya. Beyond the temple, but within its precincts, lie in open fragments of door jumbs/lintels and yet other set of images, Of these, an impressive, but broken sun-image is the most conspicuous. It is very likely that some early medieval temple was built here sometime in 9th-11th Century A.D. and these fragmentary stray sculptural/structural relics are only its ruins. Probably, these were reinstalled in a new temple, built during the 16th-17th century by Man Singh. But authentic information on this count is woefully wanting.

7. Tomb of Alawal Khan, Sasaram :

The tomb of Alawal Khan is situated to the south of the town, Sasaram, the district headquarter of the Rohtas district and one of the most important ancient towns in Bihar. Alawal Khan, whose full name was Alauddin Khan, was the superintendent of buildings under the Pathan rulers Sher Shah and Salim Shah. He was also an important general in command of 5,000 horsemen. While Alawal Khan was incharge of the construction of Sher Shah's tomb he pilfered better materials for his own tomb and was therefore put to disgrace by Sher Shah. As such, the tomb of Alawal Khan consists in plan only of a courtyard surrounded by a high stone wall of fine masonry with three entrances on the east, south and north, but now only the eastern entrance remains and the other two have been closed. The eastern and western walls are surmounted by cupolas and the principal door has some fine carvings around it. There are only three open graves inside the enclosure, one of Alawal Khan and the other two of his relatives. On the grave of Alawal Khan is a short epitaph containing the usual Kalimas.

8. Kandaha Sun Temple, Saharsa :

Kandaha is a small, obscure village, situated about 8 miles west of Saharsa. Over a relatively moderate mound is situated this famous Sun-temple. It was built in 1435 (Shaka Era 1357) by a devotee named Vamshadhara under the reign of the renowned ruler of Mithila, Narasimhadeva of Karnata dynasty. A Sanskrit inscription, installed on the door-frame of the temple, records these facts. The image installed in the sanctum is huge, but considerably defaced and fragmented. But the door-jambs/frames are uniquely well preserved. With rich, tasteful decoration of both floral creepers and divine beings, this frame represents the best of art and architecture that Mithila under the Karnata reign nurtured.

9. Katragarh, Muzaffarpur :

Kataragarh represents one of the finest relics of the fortified cities that came into being during the early historic period in Bihar. Extended over an area of about 70 bighas, Kataragah falls in Muzaffarpur district, and situated at about 18 miles north-east of the district headquarters, (i.e. town of Muzaffarpur). To its west flows river Lakhandei which would have provided water to the agricultural needs of the hinterland and an outlet to the city's inland water transport. The legend is that the city was built by some Raja Chand whom we cannot identify with any of the historical personalities.

The site was excavated over as many as five seasons from 1975-76 to 1979-80 under the supervision of Dr. Sita Ram Roy, the then Director, Archaeology and Museums, Bihar. The basic exercise of these excavations was to unravel the constructional features of the fortification. The excavations proved quite productive in this particular sense. The city was fortified during the Shunga period (c. 2nd-1st century B.C.), although habitation at the site preceded it by at least two to three centuries. The construction period of the fortification wall was a long process spread over three phases.

In the first phase, a baked brick wall was raised around the city to fortify it. The second constructional phase witnessed a huge earthwork taking shape. A moat was dug around the settlement and the earth thus obtained was utilized to build mud-core of the fortification. The highlight of the third phase was the brick reinforcement over the earthen core built-up during the phase II. This was in the form of sloping brick-worked sides. The fortification, moreover, had a few auxiliary structures, such as watch-towers and flights of steps leading to them. Some of the intrinsic features of the fortification here are comparable with the early fortifications of the Gangetic plains, and especially Balirajgarh of the neighbouring district, Madhubani. The site revealed, on excavations, as many as four cultural periods. Of these, Pd. I was found associated with the Mauryan Period (4th-2nd cent. B.C.), Pd.-II with the Shunga period (2nd-1st cent. B.C.), Pd.-III with the early Kushana (1st-2nd cent. A.D.) and the last one, Pd.-IV, after a considerable gap, represented the relics of the Pala period. (9th-10th cent. A.D.). The earliest habitation strata, however, could not be reached at due to the oozing of the sub-soil water beneath the Mauryan habitational layers.

10. Nepali Mandir (Hajipur) :

About 4 miles west of Hajipur, on the confluence of the Ganga and Gandak is situated this unique Shaivite shrine. Made in the late medieval period (18th century), by one of the army commanders of Nepal, the temple brings-in a fresh pagoda-style architecture of the Himalayan Kingdom to the plains of the Ganga. This temple is built largely of wood. Another distinctive feature of this temple is its fine wooden carving, which includes among other things generous erotic scenes. Both in style and finish, largely drawn in from the Himalayan world of architecture, Nepali Temple at Hajipur remains quite unique and inimitable.

11. Kheri Hill, Shahkund :

Kheri Hill, Shahkund in the district of Bhagalpur is situated at a distance of about ten kms. from Sultanganj. Shahkund owes its name to a big tank measuring 1300 ft. x 600 ft. on the northern edge of a grave of a Muslim saint named Shah Saheb. Evidently Shahkund means the tank of the Shah Saheb. The village proper is situated at the foot of a hillock called the Kheri Pahar (Hill). Remnants of old buildings and temples have been found on the Kherhi Hill and its vicinity. In a well of the village, large number of ancient relics consisting of broken sculptures and architectural pieces besides railings were found which clearly suggest that Shahkund had an ancient tradition. During the rule of Shashanka, the king of Bengal in the 7th century A.D. Shahkund appears to have been included within his kingdom. A number of ancient tanks, sculptural and architectural remains etc., presently existing at the site, appear to be belonging to the early medieval period. A number of religious sculptures, mostly of black stone, such as those of Nrisingha, Lakshmi, Vishnu, Ganesh, Durga, besides Buddha, Tara etc. were earlier found from this site. These are of great archaeological significance. Shahkund is particularly famous for the large number of Shivalingas, some of which are still existing on or near the site, one of which has a number of miniature Shivalingas (Sahasralinga) around its body.

12. Tomb of Mahmood Shah, Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur :

In the Bhagalpur district, Kahalgoan is situated at a distance of about 30 kms east of the district headquarter, Bhagalpur. Mahmud Shah was the last independent King of Bengal who died at Kahalgoan in 1539 A.D. After his defeat at the hands of Sher Shah, the mighty Pathan ruler, he took refuge with the Mughal Emperor Humayun at Chunar. In his absence from Bengal his capital was stormed and sacked and his two sons were murdered by the Afghans. Mahmud Shah, after joining hands with the Mughal emperor Humayun, advanced as far as Kahalgoan to attack Sher Shah. But, after hearing the news of the death of his two sons and the plunder of his capital, he was so much shocked that only after a few days' illness he died at Kahalgoan in 1539 A.D., where his tomb was built later. The tomb of Mahmud Shah is, therefore, of great historical significance.

13. Jalalgarh Fort, Purnea :

The ruined fort of Jalalgarh is situated 20 kms north of Purnea and stands in what was once an island in the old channel of the river Koshi. According to one tradition the fort was built by Saiyid Muhammad Jalaluddin of the Khagra family, on whom Jehangir conferred the title of the Raja; while another tradition says that Saif Khan the Nawab of Purnea, built it in 1722. The former tradition would appear to be more authentic. The fort is a large quadrangular structure with lofty walls and was erected primarily to serve as a frontier post to protect the border against invasion from Nepal.

14. Arrah House, Arrah :

Arrah house in Arrah, the district headquarter of Bhojpur district, is presently located within the premises of the Maharaja College. It is a small double-storied structure on a raised plinth built by Vicars Boyle, an Engineer of the Eastern Railway before 1857, during the British rule in India. It was intended as a billiard room, the residence proper being a short distance away. The Arrah house covering a total plinth area of 51' square consists of a billiard room with a smaller room, a bathroom attached on one side and a verandah in front with semi-circular arched colonnade. The Arrah House became famous in 1857 when insurrection broke out and a number of British officers took refuge within this structure and put up a gallant defence till they were rescued by the British soldiers.

15. Chausagarh, Buxar :

In the Buxar district of Bihar Chausa or Chausagarh is situated at a distance of about 11 Kms. East of the district headquarter Buxar. Chausa, very well known in the annals of Indian history as the place where in 1539 A.D. Sher Shah defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun, is also a place of great archeological significance. The archaeological and historical importance of this site is evident from a variety of historical remains found in and around Chausagarh, in the course of a series of excavations done earlier.The most significant finds were 18 Jain bronze images dating right from the Sunga period upto the Gupta period, which are presently preserved in the Patna Museum. A hoard of electrum coins and other ancient coins have had been also found earlier in Chausa. Besides these, fragments of terracotta panels and other objects and a number of stone sculptures also belonging to the ancient period have been found which are of great archaeological importance and are preserved in the Patna Museum and also in the Sitaram Upadhyaya Buxar Museum.

Chausa is situated on the confluence of the rivers Karmanasa and the Ganga which separates it from the neighbouring state U.P., and therefore it has been a place of great strategic importance since very early times.

16. Daud Khan Fort, Daudnagar, Aurangabad :

This fort is situated on the eastern bank of the Sone River and was constructed by Dhaud Khan, a Governor of Bihar under Aurangzeb in the 17th century. Daud Khan had won a victory over Palamu after defeating Cheros. On his way back from this conquest he camped here and founded the town and gave it his own name. The surrounding area was also granted to him as a Jagir by the emperor. Early in the 18th century Buchanan saw it as a flourishing town with textile and opium factories. The ‘sarai’ built by Daud Khan had high walls and the basic design of a fort. It had two large gates and a moat all around. It was called as a sarai probably because he did not want to make kings and governments of other states jealous of it. The sarai was in good condition till a few years before 1896; for the Bengal list says that the gates were regularly shut every night. Ahmad Khan, grandson of Dhaud Khan, fortified the town which was then named as Ghausipur. The town also contains an old mosque and another sarai built by Ahmad Khan, which had mud gates. In the outlying part of the town called Ahmadganj is the tomb of Ahmad Khan.

17. Ramshila Hill, Gaya :

The Ramshila Hill situated on the south-east fringe of Gaya and is one of the most sacred and ancient hills in Gaya. A number of stone sculptures belonging to the ancient period can still be found on and around the hill which suggests the existence of some earlier structures or temples in the ancient period on the top of the hill. The temple situated on the top of the hill called as Ramesvara or Patalesvara temple was originally built in 1014 A.D. but has gone through many restorations and repairs in the succeeding periods. In front of the temple is a pavilion, built by Sri Krishna Basu of Calcutta in 1811 A.D. where 'pindas' are offered by the Hindu devotees during pitripaksha for their ancestors. The name of the hill is associated with Lord Rama and so images of Rama, Sita and Hanuman are also installed in a temple on the hill. The flight of steps leading up to the temple, originally got constructed by Sri K. Basu, was further repaired in 1886 by the then Raja of Tekari and even thereafter renovations and repairs have been going on for the benefit of the pilgrims who come in large numbers to offer 'pindas'. The Ramshila Hill is considered to be the most sacred as it is also believed that Lord Ram had offered 'pinda' on the hill.

18. Pretshila Hill, Gaya :

The Pretshila Hill, situated to the North-West of Gaya is a sacred place for the Hindus where 'pindas' are offered by the devotees in large numbers to their ancestors. On the summit of the hill is a temple of the Pretaraja or God Yama of Hindu mythology. To pacify the preta (ghost), who is said to have once haunted the hill, this temple was originally built on this spot by Rani Ahilybai of Indore and was renovated thereafter several times. An inscription dated 1744 A.D. in the temple on the hill recorded the construction of the flight of steps having been done by Sri Manmohan Datt of Calcutta. Earlier several images of Surya, Vishnu, Mahishmardini Durga and some Buddhist divinities were found in and around the hill which indicates the existence of earlier shrines in the locality during the ancient period. At the foot of the hill is a tank called Ramkund in which it is believed that Lord Ram himself bathed before offering 'pinda' to his ancestors.

19. Vishnupad Temple, Gaya :

The Vishnupada Temple is considered to be one of the most sacred of all the Vaishnava temples in India. The spot on which it stands is associated with the famous mythological event of God Vishnu killing the demon Gayasura and leaving his footprint on the rock which is the main object of worship in the temple. However, little is known about the ancient origins of the temple. The present Vishnupada Temple on the bank of the river Phalgu was built at the end of the eighteenth century by the Maharani of Indore Ahilya Bai Holkar who brought about 1,200 sculptors from Jaipur (Rajasthan) who quarried the grey granite stone from Patherkatti (a hill in Gaya district) and took about twelve years to complete the construction of the temple. The temple consists in plan of a sanctum, having an octagonal tower, about hundred feet high, with a lofty pyramidal roof besides an open pillared hall or mandapa in front, surrounded by an open courtyard all around. Annexed to the temple within the courtyard is a large baradari or pillared pavilion of sixteen granite pillars called as Solah Vedi where 'Pindas' are also offered by the pilgrims coming from all over India. In front of the baradari is a huge bell, which was presented by Ranjit Pande, a minister of Nepal.

In the courtyard of the Vishnupada Temple there are numerous small shrines and images. The Nrisimha Temple, a small temple dedicated to Nrisimha, the man-lion incarnation of Lord Vishnu has a beautifully carved doorframe. Another temple of Vishnu adjoining the Nrisimha Temple on the north side has stone pillars and brick built walls. On the eastern side of the courtyard also there is a small temple dedicated to Siva or Mahadeva in the form of Phalguisvara or Lord of the Phalgu (river). A number of inscriptions have had been earlier found in and around the premises of the Vishnupada Temple which are of great epi-graphical significance.

20. Brahmyoni Hill, Gaya :

Situated to the south of Gaya, the Brahmayoni Hill, the highest hill in Gaya is named after a natural fissure on its top which is believed to represent the female energy or yoni of the God Brahma. In a small temple on the hill a five-headed female image is worshipped as a female energy of Brahma i.e. Brahmayoni. This temple was built by one Maratha chief named Balaji Pandit. An inscription on the hill records the construction of a flight of steps from the foot of the hill to the top by Rao Bhau Saheb in the reign of Jayaji Rao Scindia of Gwalior in about 1843 A.D. The Brahmayoni Hill is a sacred place for the Hindus and pindas are offered here during the Pitripaksha mela in large numbers.

21. Hajarimal Dharamshala, Bettiah :

Hazarimal Dharamshala (built in 1892) in Bettiah, was used by Mahatma Gandhi to launch his first Satyagraha movement in India after coming from South Africa. A number of important personalities, viz. Acharya J.B. Kripalani, Babu Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Braj Kishore Prasad made this place a base while participating in the struggle for the Freedom Movement.

22. Mirabigha, Jahanabad :

Mirabigha village (Dist. Jehanabad) is situated at about 4 km. South-East of Tehta Railway Station. This archaeological site is characterized by a cluster of temples, mostly Shaivite, numbering about a dozen. Most of them are brick-worked with some stone appendage. There are ruins of an ancient tank, which may be associated with the site. The site also yielded a host of Brahmanical deities, who once would have resided in these temples. Both, the temples and sculptures, belong to the Pala period of the 9th-10th cent. A.D.

23. Jagdishpur Fort, Aara :

Jagdishpur is situated at a distance of about 35 Kms. South west of Arrah, the district headquarter of Bhojpur district. Jagdishpur is famous in the annals of Indian history because of "the son of the soil" Babu Kunwar Singh, who was the first and foremost freedom fighter of Bihar during the Freedom Movement in 1857. Jagdishpur for many generations was under the control of the Ujjainia Rajputs, to which family Babu Kunwar Singh belonged, and so the spirit of revolt and love for independence was in the very marrow of their bones, veins and blood. The Jagdhishpur Fort where Babu Kunwar Singh resided was the epicentre of the first freedom struggle and so it has great historical importance.

At present besides the main double-storied massive building there are two big tanks on its either side and a Kachehri in front of the building. In front of the main building is a big statue of Babu Kunwar Singh riding on his horse. At the back of the main building is a big well and an another small brick structure. The compound in front of the garh is very big and on one side of it is a 'mazar' of Shahid Baba, a Muslim saint.

24. Jami Mosque, Hajipur :

Hajipur is situated at a distance of about 11 miles North of Patna, the capital of Bihar, on the eastern bank of the river Gandak. The town is known by the name of Hajipur as it was founded by a King of Bengal named Haji Ilyas Shah who ruled between 1345 to 1358 A.D. Inside the fort built by this king in Hajipur there is a mosque called Jami Masjid, a plain building measuring 84.5 ft. long and 33.5 ft. broad. The mosque is crowned by three domes, the central one being larger than the others. An inscription over its stone gateway records the details of its construction in the year 1587 A.D. during the reign of the Mughal Emperor, Akbar by Makhsus Shah who according to the Akbarnamah was the brother of Said Khan, the governor of Bihar Sharif. The Jami Masjid of Hajipur is one of the most remarkable monuments belonging to the Mughal period.

25. Masahi, Kaimur :

Situated at a distance of about three kms. from the block headquarter Bhagwanpur in Kaimur district Masahi is a village by the side of the river Suvara where a mound, locally called as 'garh', has been declared as a Protected site by the Govt. of Bihar under Section 3(3) of the Bihar Ancient Monuments and Archaeological site, Remains and Art Treasure Act, 1976. The mound or garh in Masahi village covering an area of about five acres is supposed to have been the site of an ancient temple complex. Stone sculptures of standing and sitting Buddha and other Buddhist deities besides architectural remains like pillars, pilasters, beams, lintels, doorjambs, amalakas etc. have been found in large number from the site which suggests that during the Early Medieval period or even earlier there was a huge temple complex at this site. This can be as well ascertained by the fact that still large sized bricks are scattered on and around the mound and some brick structures are also standing even today. Masahi is situated at a distance, of about two kms. from the very well known Mundeswari Temple belonging to the later Gupta period and so it is likely that there may be some closer sculptural and architectural links between the two during the ancient period.

26. Munger Fort, Munger :

The most important of the monuments at Munger is the fort, built on a rocky eminence projecting into the river Ganges which protects it from west and partly from the north, the other sides being defended by a deep moat 175' wide. The fort encloses an area of about 222 acres and has a circuit of 2½ miles. The rampart is 30' thick, consisting of 4' inner wall, 12' of outer wall, the intervening thickness of 14' being a filling of earth. The rampart was provided with four gateways, one on each side, and with circular or octagonal bastions, at regular intervals, carrying the usual battlements. Of the gates only the northern gate, called Lal Darwaza, is some what preserved, with some carved stones build into it, which originally belonged to some Hindu or Buddhist structure.The history of the fort and its original foundation still remains to be thoroughly investigated. Some scholars have suggested that it was built during the time of the early Muhammedan Kings of India. It should be noted that inside the fort are two hillocks. A natural rocky eminence called as Karnachaura or Karanchaura associated with the Raja Karna of Mahabharat. Buchanan mentioned that the king built a house on this hill.

27. Chirand, Saran :

Chirand is situated 10 Km. south-east of Chapra, the district headquarters of the Saran district and same distance south off the Sonepur-Chapra road. The village with an extensive mound is situated on the northern bank of the Ganga, and the confluence of the Ganga, and the Ghagra is just some distance away in the west near Revalganj. The Ganga also meet the Sone few kilometers away from the site. 2½ Km. north of the site there is a dried up bed, possibly, a loop of the Gandak. So, four rivers converge on or near the site. This must have provided it a very fertile soil for the development of pre-historic and historical cultures. It is very likely that in ancient times the confluence was actually at Chirand. Carlyle in 1879-80 says that it was situated just at the junction of an old river channel (old bed of the Ghagra river) with the Ganges. The mound has been being cut by the Ganga since long, but the face of the mound overlooking the river shows jutting bricks of ancient times and potsherds. There is a mosque on the top of the mound, which was erected by Sultan Abul Muzaffar Hussain Shah of Bengal in A.D. 1503. The mosque contains remains of Hindu pilasters, and show parts of an earlier Hindu temple and its materials were used in the construction of the mosque. Chirand has given a continuous cultural sequence beginning from the Neolithic to the Pala period. The discovery of the Neolithic culture in 1970 in the Ganga valley was very significant as till then no Neolithic strata was exposed in course of archaeological excavations in northern India. The Chirand Neolithic community practiced agriculture and evidence of wheat, rice, mung, masur, peas has been found. The agricultural tools must have been of stone, bone or wood.

28. Taradih, Mastipur, Bodhgaya, Gaya :

29. Nishan Singh Shahid Smarak Sthal & Kabristan, Sasaram :

This monument was constructed in Sasaram in remembrance of Nishan Singh, who died in the first freedom struggle of 1857. Nishan singh has actively participated in the movement by Babu Veer Kunwar Singh against the British rule.

30. Apsadh Garh, Nawada :

Situated at the bank of Sakari river, this ancient site is famous for its certain outstanding relics; the ruins of a later Gupta temple, the Varaha Vishnu image and the dcecorative panel made of stucco depicting events related to the Ramayana.

The most valued of all the relics of this hugely potential archaeological site is a large sized image of Vishnu’s Varaha avatar (the boar incarnation) carved out in red sand stone. This image, according to the Hindu iconography, depicts one of the ten incarnations of Vishnu. The depiction of this incarnation is rare. The other well known such image is found at Earn (Madhya pradesh). What is unique with this Apsadh Varah image is that the earth is shown as personifying a delicate female who is depicted as being uplifted. On stylistic ground, the image is placed in the 6th-7th century A.D. The site was excavated by the Directorate of Archaeology for as many as eight seasons (1973-74 and after a gap of four season continuously from 1977-78to 1983-84), which revealed the ruins of an important temple structure.

31. Parvati Hill, Nawada :

Parvati Hil, also known as dariyapur parvati pahar, is a hill of archaeological ruins. This hill, it appears, was predominantly a Buddhist site. Structural ruins of the site are identified with those representing the “Kapota Vihar” monastery mentioned in the accounts of the Chinese traveler Hsuen Tsang (7th century A.D). This hill also contains several other ruins, at least three of which can be identified as “Stupa Mounds”. Moreover, several other sculptural and structural members are found scattered all over the place on the hill, which speaks of its high archaeological potential. At the top of the hill, there is a sacred grave of a famous Muslim saint, known as Haji Chand Saudagar.

32. Birth Place of George Arwell :

George Orwell (1903-1950) is considered as one of the tallest literary figures of the English language . Of his several published works, Animal Farm (published in 1945) and Nineteen Eighty Four (published in 1949) are highly acclaimed works of fiction, which are sharp, satirical comments on the authoritarian regime. It is not generally known that his real name was Eric Blair. George Orwell was born in this house on 25th of June 1903. His father Rechard Blair was a British agentof opium and indigo at the time orwell was born. Orwell, however, lived in this house as an infant, only till he became one year old. He obtained most of his education in England at Eton and wellington University.

33. Tekari Kila, Gaya :

Tekari Kila situated in the Tikari locality of Gaya District, is the main palace of the Tekari Family of the erstwhile feudal of the region, known as Rajas. The premises of the Tekari Kila contain diverse impressive structures which include Havelis (the residential compleres), Ranga Bhawan ( The Pavilion for performing artistic and cultural activities), Darbar (the court and audience hall), Gupta Bhavan (secret chamber), Tehkhana, Nrityashala, Jadugar, several tanks and water bodies. These structures represent an elegant synthesis of diverse indigenous and foreign architectural traditions-Hindu, Islamic and Greeko-Roman. These were built and developed over a period of time ranging from the late medieval to early modern period, and can be placed between 17th and 19th centuries.

34. Ahilya Place :

Ahilya place is located in Kamtaul railway station, which is three km south of Ghari block of Darbhanga District. Here is a magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Ram and Sita, which was constructed by Darbhanga Maharaj Chhatra Singh Bahadur in 1817 A.D. Fairs are organized annually on the occasion of Ramnavami of Chaitra Month.

35. Telhada :

This archaeological site is situated in the Ekangarsarai block of Nalanda District. It has been excavated by the Archaeology Department. In the excavation order, the ruins of Mahavihara, established in the 1st century A.D, have been found. In addition, there are abundant number of stones and metallic statues available. Also, many seals and stamps have been engraved in Guptochar and Maukhiri Script.

36. Sofa Temple :

The Sofa temple is located under the Gaunaha block of West Champaran. This temple is built in Pancharath architectural style. Its top part is domed. The temple has been built on an expanded platform. The entrance to the  temple is in the east direction, which has  geometric decorative wooden door. The entrance of the sanctum is also embellished with beautiful ornaments. A shivling is established in the sanctum. This temple is built in the northeast of the mound which is of the 18th century. The mound is situated on the south bank of Pandui river. This river flows in the north of the Shivalaya. The ruins of old temples are found in large quantity in the eastern erosion and northern part of the mound. It seems as there must a magnificent temple here in the 11th -12th century A.D.

37. Morishan Building :

This building is located adjacent to the famous Golghar in Patna. This building was primarily a home of a woman named morishan who was a native of Australia. This building was constructed during the British rule.

38. Lord Minto Tower :

Lord Minto tower is located in Giddhaur area of Jamui district. It was built by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh in the year 1906. This tower was built in the memory of lord minto’s victory. This tower is a precious heritage of architectural style of  British period.

39. Dwalakh Shiva Temple, Madhubani :

The ancient temple of Dwalakh is situated in the Madhepura block of Madhubani. This ancient temple is unique in terms of its architecture. Three Shivlings are established in the sanctum of the temple, in which the middle Shivling is large. In front of Shivalinga, in the West is Nandi created with Black-Basalt Stone with great skill. The top of the temple is domed, which has been portrayed in a wonderful way. In the construction of the temple, Lakhauri brick and surkhi lime are used.

40. Fort Of Raja Bhoj :

In the Dumraon block of Buxar district, an ancient room was found at about 8 feet below the ground during the excavation  in a school premises of village Naya Bhojpur under village panchayat Bhojpur jadid for a education project by the Bihar Government. This room was constructed with surkhi choona and lakhauri brick. An entrance have also been found in the eastern part of this room. A long gallery was found on the way forward from the entrance made in the northern part of the room. It is believed that this room relates to the fort of Raja bhoj( Navratan garh).

41. Veshwak :

Village Beshwak is located at 13 km east of sheikh Abdullah turn of islampur patna road, which is 7 kilo meters north east of islampur under islampur block of Nalanda district. There is a garh in the north east of this village, whose length is 70 meters , width is 50 meters and height is 4 meters. On the upper and lower surface of the mound, red soil and black soil are found. The structure of medieval brick is seen on the northern part of garh. In the survey, antiquities fron shung-kushan period till ancient medieval period have been found.

42. Lari (Arwal) :

Lari village is situated in Kurtha block of Arwal district. In the central part of this village, a giant mound is located which is important for archaeological significance. This mound is spread over 27 acres of land. At some distance to the east of mound, banaiya river is floating which is a branch of Morhar river. The structure of ancient brick have been found on the upper part of the mound. In order of observation, Krishna lohit soil, north Krishna soil, red soil have been found.

43. Koteshwar Dham, Mengram :

Located on the confluence of the Morhar and Dardha rivers under Belanganj block of Gaya district, the ancient temple is full of beautiful and ancient settlements in architecture and sculpture. This temple koteshwar nath is east facing. The temple has been built in south indian style, which has recently been made. Its internal structure is almost secured. The temple has been constructed from granite stone and brick.

Preservation of Antiquities :

  • Three museums (Patna, Darbhanga and Madhubani) have been earmarked in the year 2016-17 for preservation of antiquities. The target decided for the Patna museum is to conserve the antiquities of 10 Lama garments, 300 miniatures, 10 thanka pictures and the work is under process.
  • There is the target of conservation of 34 wood and 39 ivory in the Darbhanga museum and 906 folios in Madhubani.
  • Apart from this, manuscripts have been preserved in Sitaram Upadhyay Museum, Buxar, and Jananayak Karpuri Thakur Memorial Museum, Patna in the year 2017-2018.
  • In the year 2017-18, the target of the chemical treatment of antiquities stored in 6 museums has been set for preservation of collections.

Survey, Exploration and Excavation of Archaeological Sites:

  • The target of surveying and displaying the rich heritage and glorious history of bihar has been set for 50 places by the year 2021.
  • In the past years, the work of conservation and site development of the following places have been done. These places are : Batershwar Sthan, Ganinath, Vishhar Sthan (Vaishali), Maurishan Buil;ding and related campus (Patna), Namak Satyagrah Sthal, Gadhpura (Begusarai), Temple of Rahsu Bhagat (Gopalganj), Tomb of Saiyam Ibrahim Hussain (Bhagalpur), Koteshwar Dham, Mengram (Gaya).
  • 32 places have been surveyed in the year 2016-2017. In the year 2017-18, 17 places have been surveyed. These places are as follows : Ghoshikundi (Lakhisarai), Vrindavan (Lakhisarai), Bichwe Hill (Lakhisarai), Rampur (Lakhisarai), Jallaapa Sthan (Lakhisarai), Ramseer (Lakhisarai, Laai (lakhisarai), Pokhrama (Lakhisarai), Uren (Lakhisarai), Neelkanth Narmdeshwar Mahadev Temple(West Champaran), Makhdumpur Garh (Patna), Mosque of Haivat Sah (Patna City), Raja Ram Mohan Rai Educational Institute ( Patna City), Ajimabad Mahal (Patna City), Barah (Harnaut).

Exploration :

  • 5 archaeological sites are targeted for exploration by the year 2021, out of which Bhagalpur District is earmarked for exploration in the year 2016-2017 where exploration of 201 archaeological sites have been done. For the year 2017-2018, Darbhanga District has been earmarked but due to the absence of permission from the Archaeological Survey of India, the operation has not been completed. In the past years, exploration/ site inspection of the following places was done. These places are : Bihta, Jamaluddin Chak (Patna), Aldhanna, Eksara Pastan Navtoli (Nalanda), Darbhanga Raj Parisar, Rajnagar, Bhauragadhi (Madhubani), Lorik Dih, Chakka, Laho (Darbhanga), Kali Mandir, Belaganj (Gaya), Umga, Sitathapa, Satchandi, Jain Temple, Pachar (Aurangabad), Reega, Gachitola, Adhganv (Sitamarhi), Bhelawar (Jahanabad),Dhaneshwarnath Mahadev Temple, Dighwa Garh, Rahsu Bhagat Place(Gopalganj)and important sites of Buxar district such as rajpur quila, kauleshwar temple in Balmiki Nagar and Jatashankar Temple.

Excavation:

  • A target for excavation of 20 places have been set up by the year 2021. 2 sites each has been  earmarked for the year 2016-2017 and 2017-2018. Telhada (Nalanda) and Devangarh (Nawada) have been identified for the year 2016-2017. Work has been started in Devangarh after getting the permission of excavation. Work of certificate clearance has been done in Jaynagar Fort (lakhisarai). The task of writing the report of the three main sections of the excavated archaeological site in Kutumba has been completed. Work of 4th section is under process.

Preservation of Archaeological Sites :

Archaeological Sites like Bhuiya Place(vaishali), Mama Bhanja Mazaar(vaishali), Aara House (Bhojpur), Chausagarh(Buxar) have been earmarked for the year 2016-2017, out of which departmental decision have been taken to work in Bhuiya place (vaishali) by the Directorate of Cultural Affairs. The Executive Agency has been selected for conservation of Mama Bhanja Mazar, Vaishali, whose work completion date is October 2017. Technical approval of the scheme in the Aara House, Bhojpur has been provided by the Building Construction Department and the administrative approval by the department is yet to be done. And 12.87 lakhs have been disbursed to District Magistrate, Buxar for construction of wall in Chausagarh, Buxar.

Preservation, Maintenance and Beautification of the Archaeological sites and Nalanda Heritage Development Scheme:

The following Archaeological sites were selected under 13th Finance Commission for Preservation, Maintenance and Beautification of archaeological sites and Nalanda Heritage Development Scheme : Chirand (Saran), Apsadh Garh (Nawada), Pritam Tila (Nalanda), Tetravan (Nalanda), Dafthu (Jahanabad) and Dwalakh (Madhubani).

  • Chirand (Saran) : Chirand is situated at 10 kilometers, south east of Chapra, the district headquarters of the Saran district and same distance south off Sonepur-Chapra road. The village with an extensive mound is situated on the northern bank  of the Ganga and the confluence of the Ganga, and the Ghagra is just some distance away from the site. 2.5 kilometers north of the site there is dried up bed, possibly, a loop of the Gandak, So, four rivers converge on or near the site. This must have provided it a very fertile soil for the development of pre-historic and historic cultures. It is very likely that in ancient times the confluence was actually at Chirand. Carlyle in 1879-80 says that it was situated just at the junction of an old river channel (old bed of the Ghogra river) with the Ganges. The mound is being cut by the Ganga since long, but the face of the mound overlooking the river shows jutting bricks of ancient times and potsherds. There is a mosque on the top of the mound, which was erected by Sultan Abul Muzaffar Hussain Shah of Bengal in A.D. 1503. The mosque contains remains of Hindu pilasters, and show parts of an earlier Hindu temple and its materials were used in the construction of the mosque. Chirand has given a continuous cultural sequence beginning from the Neolithic to the Pala period. The discovery of the Neolithic culture in 1970 in the Ganga valley was very significant as till then no Neolithic strata was exposed in course of archaeological excavations in northern India. The Chirand Neolithic community practiced agriculture and evidence of wheat, rice, mung, masur, peas has been found. The agricultural tools must have been of stone, bone or wood. The tool-kit of Chirand Neolithic shows an amazing variety. Both stone and bone-tools were found, though the latter were more in abundance and variety. Polished and ground Celts were found though no stone vessel has been found. Hammers, millers, pestles, querns and balls have been picked up. Besides the ground and pecked-tools we found quite a number of microliths, which as in Neolithic sites of South India, constituted an integral part of the Neolithic Chirand. Parallel-sided blades, scrapers, arrow-heads, points, lunates, borers and some geometric microliths are principal microlith objects.
  • Apsadh Garh (Nalanda) : Apsadh Garh Situated at the bank of Sakari river, this ancient site is famous for its certain outstanding relics; the ruins of a later Gupta temple, the Varaha Vishnu image and the dcecorative panel made of stucco depicting events related to the Ramayana. The most valued of all the relics of this hugely potential archaeological site is a large sized image of Vishnu’s Varaha avatar (the boar incarnation) carved out in red sand stone. This image, according to the Hindu iconography, depicts one of the ten incarnations of Vishnu. The depiction of this incarnation is rare. The other well known such image is found at Earn (Madhya pradesh). What is unique with this Apsadh Varah image is that the earth is shown as personifying a delicate female who is depicted as being uplifted. On stylistic ground, the image is placed in the 6th-7th century A.D.

The site proliferates in the sculptured remains, of which Chakrapurusha, the personification of chakra, one of the attributes of Vishnu, is pretty significant, which at present is kept in the Cleveland Museum of the USA. The “Ekhamukhi Shivalinga” and Vishnu are the other images of significance. The site was excavated by the Directorate of Archaeology for as many as eight seasons (1973-74 and after a gap of four season continuously from 1977-78to 1983-84), which revealed the ruins of an important temple structure.

  • Pritam Tila (Nalanda): Pritam Tila is located in the western part of Mudaffarpur village under Silaw block of Nalanda Dostrict which is also known as the Pritam Bagh. This mound is located approximately 400 meters south of the present Nalanda ruins and about 800 meters north from Nav Nalanda Mahavihara. It is a spherical mound, which looks like a stupa from the outside. Here, brick have been found of 30X20X04 cm dimension. The mound measures about 100 meters in the East West direction and around 70 meters in the north-south direction. The  stupa like structure is spread over a 30m x 30m area.
  • Tetrawan (Nalanda): The village situated in Biharsharif block of Nalanda district is situated on the hill of the Tetrawan archaeological importance. A large statue of Lord Buddha is installed near a pond at the southern end of this village. Apart from this, fragmented remains of many small statues are also kept here. Most of the statues here are influenced by Buddhism.
  • Parvati Hill (Nawada): Parvati Hil, also known as dariyapur parvati pahar, is a hill of archaeological ruins. This hill, it appears, was predominantly a Buddhist site. Structural ruins of the site are identified with those representing the “Kapota Vihar” monastery mentioned in the accounts of the Chinese traveler Hsuen Tsang (7th century A.D). This hill also contains several other ruins, at least three of which can be identified as “Stupa Mounds”. Moreover, several other sculptural and structural members are found scattered all over the place on the hill, which speaks of its high archaeological potential. At the top of the hill, there is a sacred grave of a famous Muslim saint, known as Haji Chand Saudagar.
  • Dafthoo (Jahanabad):  A group of temples belonging to Paal period are located near the road on the South of the Village Dafthoo. These temples have been built with granite and stone pillars. Buchanan and Bradley, the early explorers have recorded in their travelogue that there are four temples in this village in a straight line and they have been built with beautiful granite stone pillars and frames.
  • Dwalakh (Madhubani) : The ancient temple of Dwalakh is situated in the Madhepura block of Madhubani. This ancient temple is unique in terms of its architecture. Three Shivlings are installed in the sanctum of the temple out of which the middle Shivling is large. In front of Shivalinga, in the West is Nandi created with Black-Basalt Stone with great skill. The top of the temple is domed, which has been portrayed in a wonderful way. In the construction of the temple, Lakhauri brick and surkhi lime are used.

Construction of Theme Park :-

Tender process is being undertaken by the Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited for the selection of consultant for the construction of Theme Park at Tardih (Bodhgaya), Jananayak Karpuri Thakur Memorial Museum, Patna and in Kaimur Shailashay.

Nalanda Heritage Development scheme- Targeted projects (Pritam Mound, Parvati Hill, Dafthoo, Apsadh Garh, Tetravan) have been completed.

Fencing of Archaeological Sites:

Construction of boundary wall is being done for the preservation of archaeological sites mainly in  Aatma, Veshvak (Nalanda), Lari (Arwal), Bhelawar (jahanabad) and Chausagarh (Buxar). The construction work of Beshwak and Aatma has been completed in the year 2016-2017. 7 archaeological sites have been identified for the year 2017-2018. These sites are as follows : 1. Tomb of Alawal khan, Sasaram 2. Katragarh, Muzaffarpur 3. Kheri Archaeological Site, Shahkund 4. Tomb of Mahmud Shah, kahalganv, Bhagalpur 5. Aara house, Aara 6. Masahi, Kaimur 7. Lari (Arwal).

An approval order has been issued to Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited for the first 6 sites listed above. Fencing of Lari (Arwal) Archaeological site for preservation is being done for which Rs.1.27 crore has been released to District Magistrate, Arwal. Work order has been released after the selection of agency for fencing work.

  • Second notification has been issued by the Department to declare Lari (Arwal) as a protected area.
  • Apart from this, the amount of Rs. 31.49 lakh has been released to the Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited for fencing work of Sofa Temple (Betiah).

1. Tomb of Alawal Khan, Sasaram :

The tomb of Alawal Khan is located on the south of the township of Sasaram, the district headquarters of Rohtas district and one of the most important medieval towns in Bihar. Alawal Khan, whose full name was Alauddin Khan, was the superintendent of Buildings under the Pathan rulers Sher Shah and Salim Shah.

As such, the tomb of Alawal Khan consists in plan only of a courtyard surrounded by high stone walls of fine masonry with three entrances on the east, south and north, but now only the eastern entrance remains functional and the other two have been closed. Cupolas are mounted on the eastern and western walls and some exquisite carvings can be found on the principal door. There are only three open graves inside the enclosure, one of Alawal Khan and two of his relatives. On the grave of Alawal khan is a short epitaph containing usual Kalimas. The tomb belong to the 16th century.

2. Katragarh, Muzaffarpur :

Katragarh represents one of the finest examples of the fortified cities that came into being during the early historic period in Bihar. Extended over an area of about 70 bighas, Katragarh falls in Muzaffarpur district, and situated at about 45 km north east of the district headquarters. To its west, flows the river Lakhandei which would have provided water to the agricultural needs of the hitlerland and an outlet to the city’s inland water transport. The legend has it that the city was built by one Raja Chandra whom we are unable to identify with any of the historical personalities.

The city was fortified during Shunga Period (2nd-1st century B.C), although habitation at the site preceded it by at least two to three centuries. The construction of the fortification wall must have been a long process involving not less than three phases.

In the first phase, a baked brick wall was raised around the city to fortify it. The second phase witnessed a huge earth work taking shape. A moat was dug around the settlement and the earth thus obtained was utilized to build mud core of the fortification. The highlight of the third phase was the brick reinforcement over the earthern core built up during the phase II.

The site revealed as many as four cultural periods. Of this period one was associated with the Mauryan Period (4th-2nd century B.C), the second Period with the Shunga period (2nd-1st cent.B.C), period three with the early kushana (1st-2nd cent.A.D) and the last one, Period four, after a considerable gap, represented the relics of Pala period (9th-10th cent.A.D).

3. Kheri Hill, Shahkund :

Kheri Hill, Shahkund in the district of Bhagalpur is situated at a distance of about 10 Km from Sultanganj. There is a huge tank measuring 400mX185m on the northern edge of a grave of a Muslim saint named Shah Saheb from whom it draws its name. The village proper is situated at the foot of a hillock called the Kheri Hill. Remnants of old buildings and temples have been found on the Kheri Hill and its vicinity. In a well of the village, a large number of ancient relics consisting of broken sculptures and architectural pieces besides railings were found.

A number of religious sculptures, mostly of black stone, such as those of Nrisimha, Lakshami, Vishnu, Ganesha, Durga, besides Buddha, Tara, etc.were found from this site. Shahkund is particularly famous for a large number of Shivalingas, some of which are still there on or near the site. One particular item known as sahasralinga has a number of miniature shivalingas carved around the main linga.

4. Tomb of Mahmud Shah, Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur :

In Bhagalpur district, Kahalgaon is situated at a distance of about 30 km east of the district headquarters. Mahmud Shah was the last independent ruler of Bengal who died at Kahalgaon in 1539 A.D. After his defeat at the hands of Sher Shah, the mighty Pathan Ruler took refuge with the Mughal Emperor Humayun at Chunar. In his absence from Bengal, his capital was stormed and sacked and his two sons were murdered by the Afgans. After hearing the news of the death of his two sons and the plunder of his capital he fell ill due to the severe shock and died after few days at Kahalgaon itself in 1539A.D where his tomb was built later.

5. Arrah House, Arrah :

Arrah house in Arrah, the district headquarter of Bhojpur district, is presently located within the premises of the Maharaja College. It is a small double-storied structure on a raised plinth built by Vicars Boyle, an Engineer of the Eastern Railway before 1857, during the British rule in India. It was intended as a billiard room, the residence proper being a short distance away. The Arrah house covering a total plinth area of 51' square consists of a billiard room with a smaller room, a bathroom attached on one side and a verandah in front with semi-circular arched colonnade. The Arrah House became famous in 1857 when insurrection broke out and a number of British officers took refuge within this structure and put up a gallant defence till they were rescued by the British soldiers.

6. Masahi, Kaimur :

Situated at a distance of about three kms. from the block headquarter Bhagwanpur in Kaimur district Masahi is a village by the side of the river Suvara where a mound, locally called as 'garh', has been declared as a Protected site by the Govt. of Bihar under Section 3(3) of the Bihar Ancient Monuments and Archaeological site, Remains and Art Treasure Act, 1976. The mound or garh in Masahi village covering an area of about five acres is supposed to have been the site of an ancient temple complex. Stone sculptures of standing and sitting Buddha and other Buddhist deities besides architectural remains like pillars, pilasters, beams, lintels, doorjambs, amalakas etc. have been found in large number from the site which suggests that during the Early Medieval period or even earlier there was a huge temple complex at this site. This can be ascertained by the fact that large sized bricks are even today scattered on and around the mound and some brick structures are still standing. Masahi is situated at a distance, of about two kms. from the very well known Mundeswari Temple belonging to the later Gupta period and so it is likely that there may be some closer sculptural and architectural links between the two during the ancient period.

7. Lari, Arwal :

Beautification of Archaeological sites :

Beautification of Archaeological Sites like Tekari Hill, Chirand, Jalalgarh Fort, Nepali Temple, Taradih, Daudnagar Fort, Dwalakh, Padri ki Haveli, Christian Cemetry have been selected for the year 2016-2017 and the work of Chirand, Padri Ki Haveli and Christian Cemetery has already been completed. Finishing work of Daudnagar Fort and Taradih is under process.

The construction of three Theme Park is proposed for the year 2017-2018 in which Taradih, Bodhgaya theme park is based on the theme of World Heritage Site. Patna Theme Park is based and Jan Nayak Karpoori Thakur Museum is based on Karpoori Gram theme.  Kaimur Shailashray Theme Park is based on the theme of Kaimur Shailashray.

Construction of Archaeological Map :

Archaeological Atlas of Bihar State is being prepared by the Bihar Heritage Development Committee under Art Culture and Youth Department. In this atlas 109 archeological sites protected by the State and the central government will be depicted Division wise along with 200 other historically important sites and brief details and descriptions are being prepared for each one of them. The approval of Survey of India has been received to publish the maps of districts with international boundaries. Work of preparation of map and details have been completed and press copy is being prepared for printing.

Construction of Archaeological Building :

The construction of an Archaeological Building is a new ambitious project of the Directorate, whose aim is to bring all aspects of preservation of heritage under one roof (building), so that the various related works can be co-ordinated and executed more effectively. This building will house the offices of the Directorate of Archaeology and the Bihar Heritage Development Committee who have been engaged in the protection of the heritage and its preservation. Apart from this it is planned to develop an engineering cell, a chemical and preservation laboratory, a guesthouse, an auditorium and a library. The architectural map submitted by the consultant "Arc N Design" has been approved for construction of the Archeological Building and a detailed project report is being prepared for technical approval.

Rajgir Archaeological Survey Project :

MoU has been signed between Bihar Heritage Development Committee and Nalanda University for exploration in 5 kilometers radius of Rajgir in the light of the archaeological significance of Rajgir and its surrounding areas. In the archaeological session of the year 2016-17, 122 archaeological sites have been explored in Rajgir Archeological Survey Project. These archaeological sites include Ancient Buddhist Stupas, Jain Temples, Historical Monuments, remnants of the walls of the ramparts etc. Request has been made to the Survey Of India to explore the Rajgir Archaeological site in the year 2017-18.

Cultural Affairs Directorate:

Construction of Auditorium Cum Art Gallery :

  • Government has decided to build an auditorium cum art gallery in every Divisional headquarters. Since Patna already has such facility approval has been given for construction of 8 Auditorium Cum Art Gallery with a seating capacity of 600 people by the year 2019-2020. A total amount of Rs. 6552 lakh has been approved with each building estimated to cost Rs.819 lakh. In the year 2017-18, 2 art galleries and in the year 2018-19 and 2019-20, 3 art gallery each year is supposed to be constructed.
  • An approved order has been issued for the construction of the auditorium-cum-art gallery in 5 divisional headquarters such as Darbhanga, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur, Munger and Purnea and work has been started in Munger and Saharsa.
  • Identification of land is being done in Gaya, Saran and Bhagalpur district.
  • Apart from this direction has been given for the construction of Auditorium cum Art Gallery in Begusarai district. At the same time process of land selection is being done for the construction of Auditorium cum Art Gallery with the seating capacity 0f 2000 people in districts like Muzaffarpur, East Champaran and west Champaran.

Mithila Painting Institute :

Mithila art or Madhubani Art is the most prominent art form of the Mithila region in the districts of Darbhanga and Madhubani. This art form is widely appreciated both at national and international level. Mithila Painting Institution is being established to make the art form popular amongst the youth. This Painting Institution is being set up at the Rahika Sanskrit High School premises of Madhubani. 6.5 acres of land has been provided for the construction of this institute and the building is being constructed by Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited. Approval from the Department of Education for affiliation of degree course and certificate course from Aryabhatta Gyan University has been received. The first academic session of the year 2017  to be started immediately in a  rented building. Cabinet approval has been received for creation of posts for establishing and running the institution, hiring of teachers and finalizing a guideline for the hiring process.

Restoration/ reconstruction of Bharatiya Nrirtya Kala Mandir :

  • Administrative sanction of 67.85 crores for the construction of open air theater and multipurpose building in the Bharatiya Nritya Kala Mandir and for the renovation and modernization of the present building was released but this got postponed due to the alignment of the Patna Metro Project passing through its premises.
  • In the multipurpose cultural complex of Bharatiya Nritya Kala Mandir, Patna, installation of lift, construction of aadditional two floors, one large gate, ground floor hall , two  room for the stay of artists, air conditioning in all the rooms, one dormitory, proper AC and light facility for the display of hall on 2nd floor and painting of building and its boundary wall is proposed.
  • Along with this, the construction of a high end state of the art auditorium (for the purpose of film screenings with all the relevant equipment) with a seating capacity of 50 people is proposed for which Bihar State Building Construction Corporation Limited has prepared the architectural design and is in the process of forming the estimates committee.

Cultural Environment Building Program :

  • Organizing of “Evening Musical program, Shanibahar and Shukragulzar” : For creating and enhancing the cultural environment in the state Art, culture and youth Department is organizing musical programs like Shanibahar and shukragulzar every month. The department is providing a platform to artists to perform at Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir. Established artists present their talent in Shukragulzar and upcoming artists perform in Shanibahar programs. Sangeet Bihan and Sangeet Sandhya programs are organized at Rajdhani Vatika, Patna. The former is meant for Classical music and the later for folk music.
  • Organizing of District Establishment Day: On the occasion of Establishment Day of every district, certain amount of fund is allocated to District administration for organizing cultural programs on the occasion.
  • Kala Mangal Series (Shrinkhala): Under this serial programme every second Tuesday of the month art works of different artists are displayed for a week.
  • Organizing fairs and festivals: Many fairs and festivals are being organised by the department.
  • The 350th Prakash Parv of Sri Guru Govind Singh ji Mahraj and Shukrana Ceremony : In the year 2017, on the occasion of 350th Birth anniversary of the 10th Guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Govind Singh Maharaj Ji, grand cultural programs were organized by the Tourism department in various auditoriums of Patna such as Sri Krishna Memorial Hall, Bharatiya Nritya Kala Mandir, Multipurpose Cultural Premises, Ravindra Bhavan and Premchand Rangshala. At the close of the anniversary year Shukrana Program was organized. During the Prakash Parv temporary tent cities were constructed by the Tourism Department in view of the number of pilgrims coming in the month of January and again in the month of December, where accomodation and food arrangements for devotees were made free by the Department of Bihar. This initiative of the Government was appreciated at both national and international level.
  • Cultural Programs in areas influenced by Naxal movement : In order to create a cultural environment and pull the people back to the mainstream of society the department of Art, Culture and Youth Affairs organizes cultural programs in the affected areas with the help of the District Administration.
  • Awards in the field of Performing and Visual art : In order to honor the artists in the field of visual and performing art, talented artists of National and international repute are selected every year by a committee for the honor and an award is given to them under the Bihar Art Award Scheme.
  • Artist welfare Fund: Artists suffering from diseases, natural disasters or those going in for higher studies in important institutions/ for international research work and for exhibition of their art work at national level are being given financial assistance through the Artist Welfare Fund.
  • Documentation and publication related to performing and visual art is being done. A maganizine named “Patna Kalam” is being published by the Art, Culture and Youth department.  In this field Mithila Painting, 100 stones of Bihar, Patna Kalam, Dina Bhadri, Manjusha Painting, Contemporary art of Bihar, King Salhes etc have already been published and documented. The book “Guru Govind Singh and Sikhism in Bihar has been published in three languages namely Hindi, English and Gurumukhi in collaboration with Punjab Digital Library, on the occasion of 350th birth anniversary of Guru Govind Singh Ji Mahraj.
  • National/ International Cultural exchange Program : under this scheme, various cultural programs are being done in collaboration with the cultural center of east in Kolkata, Cultural center of North middle area situated in Allahabad, Central musical drama academy situated in Delhi, Kendriya lalit kala academy situated in Delhi and Indian Council for Cultural Relations, New Delhi. Horizon series program is being run by Indian Council for Cultural Relations, New Delhi. Also, cultural groups from the State has participated in Lokrang Utsav, jaipur and Kullu Dussehra in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Financial Assistance/ help to Non Governmental Voluntary Cultural institutions : Finacial assistance is provided to Non Governmental cultural institutions of the state to organize cultural programs for creating cultural environment and for the restoration of infrastructure. Apart from this, after inviting applications through advertisement, Rs. 50.00 lakhs are provided to the voluntary organizations for organizing cultural programs.

Cultural Institutions Associated/controlled by Directorate of Cultural Affairs :

  • Cultural Institute of Painting, Madhubani : Mithila Painting Institute, Saurath, Madhubani is being established for the purpose of preservation and development of Mithila Paintings. For current session, , affiliation has been received from Aryabhat Knowledge University for starting a six-month certificate course. Action is being taken regarding diploma and degree courses. The certificate course has been started from the year 2017-18.
  • Bihar Sangeet Natak Academy, Patna : This academy is working for the preservation, promotion and development of performing arts (Music, Dance, Vocal, Instrumental and drama). An amount of Rs. 40.00 lakhs is made available from the non-planned resources for the establishment of the academy. For organizing different cultural programs additional amount is provided from the planned fund from time to time.
  • Bihar Lalit Kala academy, Patna : Bihar Lalit Kala Academy is working for the preservation and development of visual art ( paintings, Sculpture making, Photography). The Academy has been provided an amount of Rs. 30.00 lakhs from the non-planned funds for the establishment. The Academy also receives additional funds from time to time from planned funds for organizing exhibitions of visual art.
  • Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir, Patna : Bharatiya Nritya kala mandir, a voluntary institution, funded by the Directorate of Cultural Affairs is headed by the Development Commissioner. An amount of 30.00 lakh is made available from the non plan funds for establishment works. The institution is provided assistance from Plan budget to impart training in performing art. Under this, training for different dance forms such as Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Odishi dance, Guitar and folk songs and classical singing is being provided by the well trained teachers in the academy. The institution has an auditorium, an open stage and a concert hall.
  • International Convention Center, Rajgir (Nalanda) : Rajgir is an important place from the international perspective. International Convention center has been established as a non profitable society by the Art, culture and Youth Department for international and national meetings, conferences, work shops and cultural programs. Rs. 298 lakh has been spent on the maintenance and operation of this center.
  • Bihar State Film Development and Finance Corporation Limited, Patna: Bihar State Film Development and Finance Corporation Limited, Patna is a venture of the Bihar Government. This institution is responsible for the Development, upgradation and promotion of Films and its related activities. The corporation is provided with funds for organizing the Patna Film Festival, International Film Festival, Regional Film Festival, Documentary and Short Film Festival, Bal Film Festival. For the promotion of film production in the state, 'Bihar State Film Development Promotion Policy' is being prepared. After implementation of this policy the film production work in regional languages of the state is expected to get a boost.
  • Construction of Film City in the State: For the development of films in Bihar, Film city is proposed to be constructed in Rajgir, Nalanda on PPP mode. 20 acres of land has been allotted for this purpose.

Bihar State Film Development Promotion Policy :-

The Bihar State Film Development Promotion Policy has been prepared for the development of film industry in Bihar. The process of draft approval by the Council of Ministers is under progress.

Organisation of Laser Show :

With the view of tourism development, it has been decided to organize a permanent laser show and light and sound show in Rajgir, Bodhgaya and Vaishali, for which land selection is being done.

Information and Public Relations Department :

Construction of Press Club Building :

It was decided to construct a Press Club building in all district headquarters and  a total amount of 27.76 crore has been sanctioned at the rate of 77.12 lakh per unit. It was targeted to complete the construction work by March 2017. Work has been completed in 32 district headquarters and the construction work is going on in Banka, Jehanabad, and Siwan. Construction work in Jamui is stalled as the matter has gone to the court. In Gaya district the construction work could not be started as there was a dispute regarding the land allotted for the purpose.

Bihar samvad Samiti :

  • Agency has been selected for making a common website for Bihar Samvad Samiti and the work order has been issued for the same.
  • The work for developing the website has started.
  • Agency has been selected for the operation of Oracle Social Relationship Management Software and the work has started.
  • PR Agency has been selected for Bihar Samvad Samiti.
  • Agency has been selected for making of software for E- advertisements.
  • Format of operational manual and financial manual for Bihar Samvad Samiti has been prepared and Procurement Manual is to be prepared.

Bihar Patrakar Pension Scheme :

Bihar Patrakar Pension Scheme under Information and Public Relations Department aims to benefit  the eligible media personnel of the state with individual pension and family pension. The amount of Rs. 5000 / - per month will be provided to eligible media personnel under Bihar patrakar Pension Scheme. After the death of the journalist, his/ her family will be given a pension of Rs. 2500 / - per month under the Bihar Patrakar Parivaar Pension Scheme.

Eligibility Criteria of Patrakar Pension Scheme :

  • Should have served as a Journalist in electronic or print media on a regular basis for at least 20 years, received a salary/retainer ship and retired. Should not be receiving a pension from any source and should be registered under Information and Public Relations Department for this scheme.
  • Should have completed the age of 60 years.
  • Who are not getting any other pension from the state government.
  • Should not be an Income Tax Payer.
  • Should not be convicted in criminal case or any other case

In place of the rules and guidelines of Bihar Journalist Pension Scheme 2015 the draft of rules for Bihar Journalist Honor Pension Scheme 2017 has been prepared and discussed with the journalists and the process of vetting by the Law and Finance department is going on. .

Tourism Department

Construction of Multipurpose Lighting Center and Garden:-

The land of the Bihar State Marketing Council has been earmarked near Guru's garden in Patna City for the construction of light centers and gardens based on the biography of Guru Govind Singh Ji Maharaj. Approval has been granted through the Bihar Agricultural Market Offices Ordinance, 2017 for the transfer of 10 acres of land in the earmarked agricultural market premises, Patna City for the construction of the light center. Ministry of Culture, Government of India has sanctioned a Rs.of 50.88 crores, out of which Rs.25.44 crores has been allocated as first installment. Tender of the scheme has been published after the Technical Approval of the DPR of Rs 51.91 Crore by the Department of Tourism.

Construction of Tourism Road Map :

A Tourism Road Map is being developed for the development of tourism in Bihar for which consultancy firm has been selected and the Road Map format prepared by the consultant is under consideration.

Construction of Mid Ways:

In order to promote tourism in the state a direction had been given to create Mid Ways with facility to display Bihar’s handicraft. Director Tourism has said that the tourism road map has the provision for construction of way side amenities under which Mid Ways will be constructed.

Development of Eco-tourism:

Several schemes have been approved for the development of Eco-tourism by the State Government. Rs. 48.41 crore is allocated to Ghoda-Katora and over all development of Nalanda. Rs. 440.12 lakh has been sanctioned for plantation and strengthening of forest path in Rajgir which has been completed and work on Anti poching camp, toilet block and watch tower is under progress. Rs. 571.30 lacs  has been sanctioned for the development of kakolat water fall in Nawada district. At a cost of Rs. 143.59 lakhs, the renovation/ upgradation work of Balmiki Vihar Hotel of Balmiki Nagar Tiger Reserve has been completed. A proposal of Rs. 1,79,50,500/- and Rs. 1,58,50,500/- is under consideration for purchasing of house boat for tourist in Balmiki Tiger Reserve. In Sasaram, the scheme of Rs. 289.44 lakhs has been approved and implemented for construction of path from Taranchandi to Gupta Dham. A proposal of Rs. 14.90 lakhs for the purchase of 24 seater motor boat is made for the development of tourism facilities in Bhim Bandh, Munger and Dolphin Darshan in river Ganga. A scheme of Rs. 158.99 lakh is approved for the construction of boundary wall around Mundeshwari Park in kaimur.

 The status of schemes implemented for the development eco-tourism forest division wise is as follows :

Nalanda Forest Division, Bihar Sharif :

Development of Ghoda Katora Eco-Tourism in Rajgir :

  1. A plan of Rs. 440.12 lakhs has been approved for the construction of 16971 and additional 812 plantation, strengthening of forest path and construction of anti-poaching camp, toilet block and watch tower in which Rs. 322.11 lakh has been spent. The work of plantation and forest path has been completed and the construction of Anti-Poaching Camp, toilet blocks and watch tower is almost completed.
  2.  Micro watershed treatment and planting of 2667 boganvilla plants has been approved for Rs. 1000 lakhs, out of which 979.74 lakhs have been spent. The work of micro watershed treatment has been completed and there is a target for plantation of 2667 boganvilia plant by 31.03.18.
  3. Under the scheme for the development of the Jain Mountain a revised DPR of Rs. 6.6 crores has been made for the upgradation of path way. Proposal for seeking approval to work in the protected forest area is being prepared.

Balmiki Tiger Division-2, Bettiah :

  • A scheme of Rs. 143.59 lakh was approved for the restoration and modernization of 12 rooms of Balmiki vihar. The work has been completed and the entire budget has been spent.
  • A proposal to purchase a house boat for tourists in Balmiki Tiger reserve at the cost of Rs 1,79,50,500 / - and Rs 1,58,50,500 /- is under consideration in the tourism department.

Nawada Forest Division :

A scheme of Rs. 227.64 lakh is approved for the development of Kakolat waterfall. On the basis of revised estimate, the balance amount is to be made available to the Forest Division Officer by the Tourism Department. This work is expected to be completed by 31.12.17. Estimates for the rest of the work have not been received and the Divisional Forest Officer is supposed to submit it. Stage-1 approval has been granted under forest (conservation) Act and for the approval of stage-2, the tourism department has to provide compliance with the approval of stage-1.

Munger Forest Division, Munger :

An amount of Rs. 22.23 lakh has been approved for the construction of boundary wall of Bhimbandh, F.R.H- Toilet block etc. Schemes worth Rs. 3.90 crores have been approved by the Govt. of India. Revised DPR has been prepared and work is to be started. A proposal of Rs. 14.90 lakh for the purchase of 24 seater motor boat for Dolphin Darshan in the holy river Ganga is still pending with Tourism department.

Kaimur Forest Division, Bhabhua :

Rs. 158.99 lakh has been approved for the construction of boundary wall of proposed Eco-Park in Mundeshwari. DPR is being prepared by the consultant of the Tourism Department. DPR has been prepared and for approval, it has been sent to Environment and Forest Department.

Construction of Circuit :

Gandhi Circuit :-

For the development of Gandhi circuit under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, plan has been been prepared for an estimated amount of Rs. 4465.02 lakh, out of which Rs. 893 lakh has been released to executive agency (Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation) by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation has been appointed as the Executive Agency. Under the scheme, Motihari (East Champaran), Betiah (West Champaran), Bhitiharwa Ashram (WestChamparan), Vrindavan (West Champaran) have been included in the circuit. Under this scheme, theme park in Chandrahia and Bhitiharwa, multipurpose building in Bhitiharwa and tourism facilities in Turukaulia are being developed, for which work has been allocated through tender.

Bapu Circuit :-

Under the Bapu Circuit, the development of tourism facilities at 14 sites connected with Mahatma Gandhi are proposed at an estimated cost of Rs. 87.47 crores. Under this, Turakoulia, M.S. College, Motihari, Pipra Kothi Motihari, Gandhi Museum Motihari, Satyagrah Park, Motihari, Tetaria Lake, Motihari, Gajpurwa, Rajpur Shriram, Motihari, Madhubani Ashram, Motihari, Jaslipatti, Olhah, Rajpur Kothi, patahi, Pakdi Dayal, Phenahara, Bokenikala, Barharva Lakhansen , Brindavan, L. S. College Muzaffarpur etc. are to be developed according to their historical association with Mahatma Gandhi.

Jain Circuit :-

For the development of Jain circuit under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, plan has been prepared for an estimated amount of Rs. 5238.95 lakhs out of which Rs. 2406.23 lakh has been released to the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, the Executive Agency, by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. Utilization certificate for Rs. 779.32 lakhs has also been sent by the Executive Agency.  Rajgir (Nalanda), Pavapuri (Nalanda), Nathnagar (Bhagalpur), Champanagar (Bhagalpur), Kundalpur (Nalanda), Samoosharan (Nalanda) and Lachuar (Jamui) have been included in the circuit.

Mandar and Ang Pradesh Circuit :-

Under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, plan has been prepared from the estimated amount of Rs.5349.29 lakh for the development of Mandar and Ang Pradesh, out of which Rs. 1069.86 lakh has been released to the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, the Executive Agency by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation has been appointed as the Executive Agency who will initiate the tendering process in February, 2018. Under this scheme, Munger, Bhagalpur and Banka are included in the circuit. Amongst the important works to be undertaken are Art and Craft Village in Bhagalpur, development of Bhim Bandh and Chandrika Place in Munger and Art and Craft Village as well as theme park in Banka.

Kawariyan Circuit :-

For the development of Kavararia Path under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, plan has been prepared for an estimated amount of Rs. 5238.95 lakhs out of which Rs. 2406.23 lakh has been released to the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, the Executive Agency by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India and the utilization certificate of expenditure of Rs. 779.32 lakh rupees has also been sent by the Executive Agency. Bhagalpur, Munger and Banka District have been included under this scheme.

Buddha Circuit :-

Under the Buddha Circuit a DPR of Rs. 200 crore has been prepared for the development of sites related to the life of Mahatma Buddha in Nalanda and Vaishali district and forwarded to the Government of India and its approval is awaited. It is proposal includes construction of a Pathway near Vishwa Shanty Stupa, development of griddhakut mountain in Rajgir, Maya sarovar in Bodhgaya, Mulchind sarovar, cyclopean wall, Buddha Temple Park, Benuvan and development of touristic facilities near world heritage site Nalanda and installation of insignias in Bodhgaya, Pragbodhi, Guneri, Gurpa, Jethiyan for helping the tourists who visit these places. In addition for the benefit of tourists Rs. 14514.00 lakhs has been approved for constructing a Cultural Center at Bodh Gaya

Apart from this from the State Plan budget the following projects have been approved and are progressing; development of Sujata cottage in Bodh Gaya (283.48 lakh), development of tourist facilities in Moscharind Sarovar (662.54 lakh), construction of a marketing complex related to sculpture at Pathar Katti (500 million), development of tourist facilities in Pragadh Bodi  (292.06 lakh), Vishnupad temple, Development and beautification of Bodhgaya (247.65 lakh), Development of Tapovan, Gaya (360.72 lakh) and renovation of Hotel Buddha Bihar, Gaya (98) 9.89 lakh).

From the point of view of tourism, many schemes have been implemented in Rajgir, such as the development and beautification of tourist facilities (870.60 lakh) in Pandu Pokhar, the construction of IT City (43.54 crore), the construction of Film City, the international level cricket stadium and Construction of sports academy (Rs 633 crore), establishment of wildlife safari in Rajgir (60 crore rupees).
Rs. 571.93 lakh sanctioned for the development of Kakolat waterfall under Nawada district and the scheme of Kesaria Stupa, Laoria Nandan Garh (689.45 lakhs) is also approved and is in progress.

A plan of Rs. 471.45 lakhs has been approved for the development and beautification of Ghoda Katora in Nalanda district and for the installation of the 100 feet high statue of Lord Buddha at Ghoda Katora and for the all round development of the Ghoda Katora a project worth Rs. 4841.77 lakhs is being implemented.

Guru Circuit :-

The sites related to the Sikh Gurus in Bihar spread over Patna, Katihar, Rajgir, Sasaram, Bhagalpur and Gaya have been identified and there is a commitment to develop them. Funds have been approved for the development of sites like Rs. 319.21 lakh for historical gurudwara lakshmipur in katihar, Rs. 422.60 crores for Historical gurudwara chacha faggumal and taksal sahib gurudwara in Sasaram under Rohtas District, Rs. 59.77 lakh for Guru Nanak Kund Shital Kund, Rajgir, Rs. 1632.84 lakh for the construction of Prakash Kendra and Sikh heritage and Research center in Patna. At the same time, Rs. 3349.21 lakh has been approved for the development of Patna Sahib and Rs. 50.88 crore has been approved for the construction of Prakash Kendra in Patna under the Prasad Yojana, by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India.

Ramayan Circuit :-

For the development of Ramayana Circuit a DPR of Rs. 98.44 crore has been prepared by the Tourism department which and sent for approval to the Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India. Under this, the construction of tourism infrastructures at sites related to the Ramayan period in Sitamarhi, Darbhanga, Buxar  is proposed. An over bridge like Lakshman jhula is proposed to be constructed at Historical Site, Punpun (Gaya) where tourists from all over come for Pind Daan. In addition, the Tourism Department has proposed the construction of Heritage Circuit, Eco Circuit, Shiv Shakti Circuit and Sun Circuit. Besides, work of development of tourism and tourist facilities is being done by identifying the sites under the Power circuit and Sufi circuit from the state fund.

Prasad Yojana :-

Under this scheme, development of Patna Sahib with an estimated amount of Rs. 3830.87 lakh and development of Vishnupad Mandir with the estimated amount of Rs. 427.32 lakh is being implemented.

Construction of Aerial Rope Way :-

In order to expand the tourist facilities in the state a plan for construction of rope ways  is approved at  8 tourist destinations namely- Rajgir (Rs. 2018.68 lakh), Mandar Mountain (Rs. 854.55 lakh), Baka, Rohtasgarh Fort (Rs. 1265.15 lakh), Mundeshwari Mountain in Kaimur(Rs. 735.42 lakh), Brahmoyoni Mountain in Gaya(Rs. 424.00 lakh), Dungeshwari Mountain in Gaya (Rs.843.17 lakh), Pretshila Mountain also in Gaya(Rs. 1048.67 lakh), Vanavar Mountain of District Jehanabad (Rs. 2392.47 lakh). The construction is expected to be completed by June, 2018.

Promotion and Advertisements :-

In the past few years various steps have been taken by the Tourism Department to promote tourism in  Bihar. The department used both electronic and print media for the purpose: -

  • Promotion through Print Media: - Tourism department has published information related to tourist sites in various periodicals like Discover India, Railbandhu, Travel Scape, Airport India, Travel Trade Jounal, Destination Exotica, Jet International, Go Getter, Shubh Yatra etc. For detailed information about these tourist destinations brochures, leaflets, Bihar Route Map, Patna Route Map were printed and distributed extensively amongst the tourists through tourist information centers both within and outside the State, various travel marts and travel exhibitions, fairs and festivals.
  • Promotion through electronic and Print Media : Publicity of Brand Bihar was done through digital hoardings on important airports like Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Amritsar. Apart from this, the promotion of Bihar Tourism has been done through billboards inside the Delhi Metro Rail. Promotion related to Brand Bihar was done on the popular and powerful media ie, social media on facebook, twitter and Youtube. On the occasion of Shukrana Festival of 350th Prakash Parv and 350th Prakash Parv, Bihar Tourism created a mobile app to provide detailed information to tourists and devotees.
  • Promotions through different tourism exhibitions :- In order to promote the tourism potential of Bihar amongst domestic tourists Bihar Tourism participated in Travel Mart / Trade Fair organized by prestigious firms in different cities of the country such as T.T.F., IITM, ITM, Holiday Expo and extensively canvassed amongst the tourists and visitors. To appeal to the foreign tourists Bihar Tourism participated in World Travel Mart, London 2015 and 2017 and Thai International Travel Fair, Thailand.
  • Organization of Prakash Parv and Shukrana Samaroh :- In the year 2017, on the 350th birth anniversary of the 10th guru of the sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, 350th Prakash parv and Shukrana samaroh was organized by the Tourism Department. During the Prakash Parv, in order to accommodate the large number of visitors coming to the city in the month of January and again the month of December, tent cities were constructed by the Tourism department and devotees were provided free boarding and lodging facilities during the event.
  • International Buddhist Conclave: - Every two years Bihar Tourism organizes a Buddhist Conclave in Bodh Gaya in which a large number of followers of Buddhism from all over the world participate. Apart from this, Baudh Mahotsav is organized every year in Bodhgaya with the objective of promoting the tourist sites of the district.  
  • Promotion through Fairs & Festivals: The Harihar Kshetra Sonepur Mela is one of the largest fair in Asia. Tourism department organizes this fair every year. World-class luxury Swiss Cottages are built for the purpose of housing the foreign tourists visiting the fair. It is evident that the attraction of the fair is increasing amongst the foreign tourists as their numbers are increasing year after year.
  • Organising Rajgir Festival : Tourism department organizes Rajgir Mahotsav every year in the months of November and December. It is a three day festival where various cultural programs are organized. The Rajgir Festival is not a simple attempt to project and promote the tourist sites of Rajgir but it is a unique initiative to provide a platform to local handicraft and artists and gives them exposure at international level.